Ancients: CELTIC GAUL. Northwest Region. The Redones. Ca. 2nd century BC. AV stater (21mm, 8.04 gm, 9h). ...
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Long Beach Convention Center
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Long Beach, CA 90802
Epona or Andarta?CELTIC GAUL. Northwest Region. The Redones. Ca. 2nd century BC. AV stater (21mm, 8.04 gm, 9h). Large laureate head of Apollo right of slightly Celticized style / Naked female rider on horseback right (Epona or Andarta?), holding a shield in left hand and a spear in right hand, grain ear before, lightning bolt below. DT 2082-2084. BN 6757. Hucher "l'Art gaulois" pl. 53. Extremely rare. Good Very Fine.
Ex Vinchon (20 December 2006), lot 356; Collection Numismatique d'un amateur d'art (Vinchon, 29 October 2002), lot 34.
The horseback rider on the reverse of this extremely rare stater appears to be female, a distinct departure from the usual Celtic imitation of the Philip II Apollo / biga types. At least one scholar identifies the rider as Epona, a Celtic goddess who protects horses and guides souls into the afterlife. However, Epona, who was later worshipped throughout the Roman Empire, is usually shown in a less militant pose than seen here, so the figure may instead be Andarta, a Gallic war goddess later adopted by the Iceni in Britain as Andraste, and invoked by the warrior queen Boudica during her revolt against Rome.
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