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21392

Ancients: Hadrian (AD 117-138). Bronze Military Diploma for Veladatus Dialonis, Dated 20 August AD 127.... (Total: 2 items)

2013 January 6-7 Ancient & World Coin Signature Auction - New York #3021

 
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Auction Ended On: Jan 7, 2013
Item Activity: 2 Internet/mail/phone bidders
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Location: Waldorf Astoria
301 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10022

Description:
Military Diploma of Hadrian, Units In Moesia Inferior
Hadrian (AD 117-138). Bronze Military Diploma for Veladatus Dialonis, Dated 20 August AD 127. Two intact bronze tablet with two binding holes at center of each plate and a hinge holes at the lower left corner. Lettering on the the main tablet is crisply engraved and is wholly legible; lettering on the other face of the "Witnesses" tablet somewhat obscured by earthen encrustation, but still legible. Interior side of each plaque partially repeats the exterior text, but with less well-rendered characters and with many abbreviations and omissions. An important diploma naming auxiliary units in Moesia Inferior. Each plate 124mm X 146mm. Both plates in original condition and unrestored, lightly patinated, with only a tiny corner piece missing from each; the reverse side of the main plate has some light corrosion and the obverse of "witnesses" plate has some earthen encrustation. 

Published: in 1997, by M Roxan, in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 118, pp. 287-99.  RMD number 241, (20 August 127).

Roman soldiers serving in the non-citizen auxiliaries, termed Auxilia, played an important role in the defense of the Roman Empire. Raised in the provinces and grouped into cavalry units called Alae and infantry Cohorts, the made up a considerable part of the available manpower to defend the frontiers and frequently fought in front alongside the Roman Legions on campaigns of conquest. Upon completing his 25 years in honor in the auxiliaries, a soldier received the Roman citizenship in an imperial legal act published on a bronze plate in Rome, of which a copy was issued to him in the form of a notarized bronze diploma granting him and his descendants Roman citizenship, and legalizing his marriage with his wife.  Seven notars (witnesses) based in Rome and specializing in such work, sealed the copy and confirmed thus the text correctly reflected the imperial bronze plate in Rome.

The example  offered here is a well preserved and highly important military diploma, issued to a soldier serving in Moesia Inferior at the peak of Roman power under the Emperor Hadrian. Significantly, both plates of the diploma (the second listing the witnesses present at the discharge ceremony) are intact. The diploma names not only the discharged soldier (Veladatus Dialonis of the Eravisci, a prominent Celtic tribe of the Danubian region now in Hungary ), but his wife and children as well.  

 

Transcription:

IMP CAESAR DIVI TRAIANI PARTHICI DIVI NERV

NEPOS  TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG PONTIF MAX

TRIB POTEST XI IMP II COS III

EQVITIB ET PEDITIB QVI MILIT AVER IN ALIS V ET COH X

QVAE APPELL I PANN ET GALL ET GALLATECTORI GEM

VESP DARDAN ET III AVG ALL VI ET II HISPARA V ET I

LVSITAN ET I FLAV NVMI DAR ET I THRAC SIRIAC ET I

GERM ET I BRACAROR ET I LEPID ET II FLAV BRITT ET II

LVCENS ET II CHALCID ET II MATTIA CEL SVNT IN MOES

INFER SVNT BRVTTIO PRAESENI TE QVIN ET VICEN ITEM

CLASSIC SENIS ET VICEN PLVRIB STIPEND EMERIT

DIMISSIS HONEST MISSION QVOR NOMIN SVBSCRIPT

SVNT IPSIS LIBERIS POSTERISQ FORVM CIVIT DEDIT

ET CONVB CVM VXORIB QVAS TVNC HABVISS ENT CVM

EST CIVITAS ILS DATA AVT SI QVI CAELIB ES SENT

CVM ILS QVA POSTEA DVXISSENT DVMTAXAT SIN

GVLI SINGVLAS AD XIII K SEPT

Q TINEIO RVFO M LICINIO CELERE NEPOTE COS

ALAE T FLAVIAE CAETVTOR CVE PRAEST

M VLPIVS ATTIANVS

EX GREGALE

VELADATO DIALONIS F ERAVISC

ET IVLIAE TITI FIL VXORIEIVS ERAVISC

ET FORTVNATO E FIVS  ET ATRECIO E FIVS

ETIAN VARIO E FIVS ET MAGNO FEIVS ETIAN IANVARIAE FILENS

DESCRIPTVM ET RECOGNITVM EX TABVLA  AENEA

QVAE FIXA EST ROMAE IN MVRO POST TEMPLVM

DIVI AVG ET MINERVAM



Translation: The Emperor Caesar Trajan Hadrianus, son of the deified Trajan Parthicus, grandson of the deified Nerva, in the 11th year of his tribunican power, twice Imperator, thrice Consul, gives to the cavalrymen and infantrymen who have served in the five alae and ten cohorts which are called (1) I Pannonian, (2) I Gallic, (3) Gallactori Gemina, (4) Vespasiani Dardanici, (5) III Augusta Allia VI, (6) II Hispara V, (7) I Lusitania, (8) I Flavia Numi Dardania, (9) I Thracian Syriac, (10) I Germanica, (11) I Bracarorum, (12) I Lepida, (13) II Flavia Brittannia, (14) II Lucens, (15) II Chalcidian, and (16) II Mattia who are in Moesia Inferior under Bruttius Praesens, who have served 25 years, likewise members of the fleet who have served 26 years, and have been honorably discharged, whose names are written below: to them that do not possess it, Roman citizenship is given and conubium (legal marriage) with the wives they then had when citizenship was given to them or with those they later marry but only a single one each.

On the 13th day before the Kalends of September (August 20) in the consulships of Q. Tineius Rufus and M. Licinius Celer Nepos

On behalf of Alae I Flaviae Caetutor under M. Ulpius Attianus

To the Soldier Veladatus Dialonis of the Eravisci, and his wife Julia, daughter of Titus of the Eravisci, and to his sons Fortunatus, Atrecius, Varius, Magus, and his daughter Januaria.

Copied and checked from the bronze tablet which is fixed in Rome upon the wall behind the Temple of Augustus near the [statue] of Minerva.



Witnessed by: 

L. Julius Virianus, L. Vibius Vibianus, L. Pullius Dapnus(?), Q. Pollio Festus, C. Vettius Hermetis, Q. Creditus (?) Paratus, T. Claudius Menander

 

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