Ancients: Hadrian (AD 117-138). Bronze Military Diploma for Veladatus Dialonis, Dated 20 August AD 127.... (Total: 2 items)
Military Diploma of Hadrian, Units In Moesia InferiorHadrian (AD 117-138). Bronze Military Diploma for Veladatus Dialonis, Dated 20 August AD 127. Two intact bronze tablet with two binding holes at center of each plate and a hinge holes at the lower left corner. Lettering on the the main tablet is crisply engraved and is wholly legible; lettering on the other face of the "Witnesses" tablet somewhat obscured by earthen encrustation, but still legible. Interior side of each plaque partially repeats the exterior text, but with less well-rendered characters and with many abbreviations and omissions. An important diploma naming auxiliary units in Moesia Inferior. Each plate 124mm X 146mm. Both plates in original condition and unrestored, lightly patinated, with only a tiny corner piece missing from each; the reverse side of the main plate has some light corrosion and the obverse of "witnesses" plate has some earthen encrustation.
Published: in 1997, by M Roxan, in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 118, pp. 287-99. RMD number 241, (20 August 127).
Roman soldiers serving in the non-citizen auxiliaries, termed Auxilia, played an important role in the defense of the Roman Empire. Raised in the provinces and grouped into cavalry units called Alae and infantry Cohorts, the made up a considerable part of the available manpower to defend the frontiers and frequently fought in front alongside the Roman Legions on campaigns of conquest. Upon completing his 25 years in honor in the auxiliaries, a soldier received the Roman citizenship in an imperial legal act published on a bronze plate in Rome, of which a copy was issued to him in the form of a notarized bronze diploma granting him and his descendants Roman citizenship, and legalizing his marriage with his wife. Seven notars (witnesses) based in Rome and specializing in such work, sealed the copy and confirmed thus the text correctly reflected the imperial bronze plate in Rome.
The example offered here is a well preserved and highly important military diploma, issued to a soldier serving in Moesia Inferior at the peak of Roman power under the Emperor Hadrian. Significantly, both plates of the diploma (the second listing the witnesses present at the discharge ceremony) are intact. The diploma names not only the discharged soldier (Veladatus Dialonis of the Eravisci, a prominent Celtic tribe of the Danubian region now in Hungary ), but his wife and children as well.
IMP CAESAR DIVI TRAIANI PARTHICI DIVI NERV
NEPOS TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG PONTIF MAX
TRIB POTEST XI IMP II COS III
EQVITIB ET PEDITIB QVI MILIT AVER IN ALIS V ET COH X
QVAE APPELL I PANN ET GALL ET GALLATECTORI GEM
VESP DARDAN ET III AVG ALL VI ET II HISPARA V ET I
LVSITAN ET I FLAV NVMI DAR ET I THRAC SIRIAC ET I
GERM ET I BRACAROR ET I LEPID ET II FLAV BRITT ET II
LVCENS ET II CHALCID ET II MATTIA CEL SVNT IN MOES
INFER SVNT BRVTTIO PRAESENI TE QVIN ET VICEN ITEM
CLASSIC SENIS ET VICEN PLVRIB STIPEND EMERIT
DIMISSIS HONEST MISSION QVOR NOMIN SVBSCRIPT
SVNT IPSIS LIBERIS POSTERISQ FORVM CIVIT DEDIT
ET CONVB CVM VXORIB QVAS TVNC HABVISS ENT CVM
EST CIVITAS ILS DATA AVT SI QVI CAELIB ES SENT
CVM ILS QVA POSTEA DVXISSENT DVMTAXAT SIN
GVLI SINGVLAS AD XIII K SEPT
Q TINEIO RVFO M LICINIO CELERE NEPOTE COS
ALAE T FLAVIAE CAETVTOR CVE PRAEST
M VLPIVS ATTIANVS
VELADATO DIALONIS F ERAVISC
ET IVLIAE TITI FIL VXORIEIVS ERAVISC
ET FORTVNATO E FIVS ET ATRECIO E FIVS
ETIAN VARIO E FIVS ET MAGNO FEIVS ETIAN IANVARIAE FILENS
DESCRIPTVM ET RECOGNITVM EX TABVLA AENEA
QVAE FIXA EST ROMAE IN MVRO POST TEMPLVM
DIVI AVG ET MINERVAM
Translation: The Emperor Caesar Trajan Hadrianus, son of the deified Trajan Parthicus, grandson of the deified Nerva, in the 11th year of his tribunican power, twice Imperator, thrice Consul, gives to the cavalrymen and infantrymen who have served in the five alae and ten cohorts which are called (1) I Pannonian, (2) I Gallic, (3) Gallactori Gemina, (4) Vespasiani Dardanici, (5) III Augusta Allia VI, (6) II Hispara V, (7) I Lusitania, (8) I Flavia Numi Dardania, (9) I Thracian Syriac, (10) I Germanica, (11) I Bracarorum, (12) I Lepida, (13) II Flavia Brittannia, (14) II Lucens, (15) II Chalcidian, and (16) II Mattia who are in Moesia Inferior under Bruttius Praesens, who have served 25 years, likewise members of the fleet who have served 26 years, and have been honorably discharged, whose names are written below: to them that do not possess it, Roman citizenship is given and conubium (legal marriage) with the wives they then had when citizenship was given to them or with those they later marry but only a single one each.
On the 13th day before the Kalends of September (August 20) in the consulships of Q. Tineius Rufus and M. Licinius Celer Nepos
On behalf of Alae I Flaviae Caetutor under M. Ulpius Attianus
To the Soldier Veladatus Dialonis of the Eravisci, and his wife Julia, daughter of Titus of the Eravisci, and to his sons Fortunatus, Atrecius, Varius, Magus, and his daughter Januaria.
Copied and checked from the bronze tablet which is fixed in Rome upon the wall behind the Temple of Augustus near the [statue] of Minerva.
L. Julius Virianus, L. Vibius Vibianus, L. Pullius Dapnus(?), Q. Pollio Festus, C. Vettius Hermetis, Q. Creditus (?) Paratus, T. Claudius Menander
Service and Handling Description: Coins & Currency (view shipping information)
Find Auction Prices for Comparable Items: