Welcome Sign-In | Register
Sold for: Sign-in or Join (free & quick)
includes Buyer's Premium (BP) 


Unique 1865 Half Dollar Pattern
Judd-431, PR66 Cameo

1865 50C Half Dollar, Judd-431, Pollock-504, Unique, PR66 Cameo NGC.
The obverse features the familiar Liberty Seated design used for regular-issue coinage in 1865. The reverse design consists of the traditional perched eagle motif, with the addition of the scroll and motto IN GOD WE TRUST. The reverse design was not adopted for regular coinage of this denomination until 1866. Struck in aluminum with a reeded edge.

It is possible that Judd-431 was struck in 1865 as a die trial piece, but it seems unlikely. There is no discernible reason to test the transitional pattern dies in such an exotic and expensive metal in 1865. Walter Breen noted that the obverse die was different from any of the regular-issue No Motto proofs produced in that year. It is most likely that Judd-431 is a fantasy piece, created for sale to collectors at a later date.

Whatever its origin, the extreme rarity of this issue is not in doubt. Andrew Pollock, the latest Judd reference, and all list this coin as unique. Robert Coulton Davis was aware of the issue and listed it as number 198 in his pioneering work on patterns in 1885. There was no example of Judd-431 in the R.C. Davis Collection (New York Coin and Stamp, 1/1890) at the time it was sold. Davis must have known about the coin from another source. The piece was also missing from the Parmelee Collection, Woodin's consignment at the 1914 ANS Exhibition, the King Farouk Collection, and the Lohr Collection.

A search of auction records has uncovered only two appearances in the last century, the last more than 24 years ago. It is clear that this issue has been underestimated in the past. The present offering may represent a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to acquire this unique and desirable pattern.

Physical Description.
The obverse features an extraordinary strike, with exquisite detail in the hair and star centers. The reverse is equally sharp, with all design elements crisply delineated. The brilliant surfaces show strong field-device contrast on each side and, in addition to the extraordinarily well preserved surfaces, produce outstanding eye appeal. A stunning and, of course, unimprovable specimen. Neither NGC nor PCGS has ever certified another.

Ex: Woodside Collection of Patterns (New York Coin and Stamp, 4/1892), lot 167; Anderson Dupont (Stack's, 11/1954), lot 2430; Thomas Bergin; June Sale (Stack's, 6/1984), lot 1226.
From The Lemus Collection, Queller Family Collection Part Two. (NGC ID# 29JH, PCGS# 60616)

View all of [The Lemus Collection, Queller Family Collection Part Two ]

Service and Handling Description: Coins & Currency (view shipping information)

Sales Tax information  | NGC Coin Grading Guarantee  |  Terms and Conditions

Bidding Guidelines and Bid Increments

Glossary of Terms

Auction Info

Auction Dates
January, 2009
7th-11th Wednesday-Sunday
Internet/Mail/Phone Bidders: 8
Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
Page Views: 1,693

Buyer's Premium per Lot:
15% of the successful bid (minimum $9) per lot.

Heritage membership

sold in the last year

Join Now - It's Free

  1. Past Auction Values (prices, photos, full descriptions, etc.)
  2. Bid online
  3. Free Collector newsletter
  4. Want List with instant e-mail notifications
  5. Reduced auction commissions when you resell your

Consignments wanted

Only 26 days left to consign to the 2016 February 3 - 8 US Coins Signature Auction - Long Beach!

Learn about consigning with us

It has been a pleasure working with Heritage Auction and I hope to work with them on other estate auctions in the future. I look forward to an on-going relationship with Heritage Auction.
Patty Jackson,
Reading, PA
View More Testimonials receives more traffic than any other auction house website. To compare for yourself, visit:

Video tutorial

Getting the most out of search

Recent auctions

2015 October 29 - November 1 US Coins Signature Auction - New York
2015 October 29 - November 1 US Coins Signature Auction - New York
REALIZED $11,037,684
2015 September 17 - 22 LB Expo World Coins Signature Auction - Long Beach
2015 September 17 - 22 LB Expo World Coins Signature Auction - Long Beach
REALIZED $5,216,239
2015 October 21 - 24 Eric P. Newman Collection Part VII Currency Signature Auction - Dallas
2015 October 21 - 24 Eric P. Newman Collection Part VII Currency Signature Auction - Dallas
REALIZED $2,890,826

© 2015 Heritage Auctions | All Rights Reserved