Scotland: Mary Ryal 1567,...
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Minimum Next BidBid increments determine the lowest amount you may bid on a particular lot. Normally, bids must be at least one bidding increment over the Current Bid. However, podium, fax, phone and mail bidders submit bids at various times without knowing the current bid and must be on-increment or at a half increment (called a Cut Bid). Any podium, fax, phone, or mail bids that do not conform to a full or half increment will be rounded up or down to the nearest full or half increment.
Internet bids are required only to bid the increment past the Current Bid, or more. Internet bids greater than one increment over the Current Bid can be any whole dollar amount.
It is possible under several circumstances for winning bids to be between increments. It is also possible for an existing bid to be outbid by less than a full increment, sometimes by only $1. This usually happens when two bidders feel that a lot is worth about the same amount, but one places an off-increment bid. Generally when this happens, the Current Bid was much lower than the high secret maximum bid when the off-increment bidder placed his bid.
For example: On Tuesday, you bid $1500 against Bidder A's Maximum Bid of $1000, raising Current Bid to $1100. Then on Thursday, Bidder B, seeing a Current Bid of $1100, guesses the final price and decides to bid $1501, outbidding your Maximum Bid by $1. You would now have to bid $1600 through Heritage Internet bidding or $1550 on Heritage Live (if available for the auction) to possibly win that lot. Next time, maybe you'll bid $1502 and outbid Bidder B by $1!
Number of BiddersThis number represents the number of individual bidders prior to the close of Internet bidding on each lot. An individual who bids more than once is still counted only once. During the live session, only the winning bidder is included in this number, although detailed records are kept of all forms of bids.
Although many lots will not get reserves, this signifies that we have not yet posted any reserves to this entire auction. Reserves are usually posted approximately 3 days prior to the closing for Internet-only auctions, and approximately 7 days prior to the live session for Signature auctions. At that point, any unmet Reserve will become both the price shown (with an asterisk) and the Minimum Next Bid, regardless of any previous bids.
Although the consignor's agreement allows a reserve on this lot, the deadline for submitting such a reserve has elapsed. If consignor submits a reserve post-deadline and the item fails to meet that reserve, we may charge the consignor a higher reserve fee.
This lot is being sold without a consignor reserve. (Note: By law, consignors may still bid under certain conditions, but they are responsible for paying the full Buyer's Premium and Seller's Commission if they do.)
A reserve has been posted on this lot, but no bids have met the reserve. The current bid has been set to the reserve amount, and the next bid will meet the reserve.
Reserves have been posted for this auction, and there is a reserve on this lot that has already been met.
Lots bearing estimates and without Consignor Reserve shall open at Auctioneer's discretion (usually 25% to 60% of the low estimate).
What's This?The owner of this item has indicated that they would sell this item at the amount, although their acceptance of your offer is required before the item can be purchased.
BP - Buyer's Premium per LotA Buyer's Premium will be added to each successful bid. For this sale: 17.5% of the successful bid (minimum $14) per lot. Please see #2 in our Terms & Conditions.
Not SoldThis indicates an item that did not sell at auction because it did not receive bids equal to or greater than the reserve (minimum bid) amount set by the consignor, or the opening bid.
Opening Bid:Lots bearing estimates and without Consignor Reserve shall open at Auctioneer's discretion (usually 25% to 60% of the low estimate).
Extended Payment Plan
Available on select items as noted on the item page in the bidding area.
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Note: This offer may not be available on some items.
Terms and Conditions
Extended Payment Plan for Heritage Owned Inventory Items(excludes Virtual Bourse, Comic Market and Virtual Sports Show)
- Minimum invoice total is $2,000.
- Minimum down payment is 20%.
- There is no penalty for paying off early.
- Non-dealers only
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This "crown" was struck at the very end of Mary Stewart's tragic life as Queen of Scotland, but not at the end of her life, and its wear indicates that it (and others of its kind) continued to circulate as money for years in Scotland even while she was unable to rule. Great-granddaughter of the English king Henry VII, Mary was next in line after Henry VIII's children to become Queen of England, but Catholic opponents broke the agreement for her to marry the future Edward VI, removed her to Stirling Castle, and turned to England's oldest enemy, France, for alliance. This widened the rift between England and Scotland. Henry responded by sending raids into Scotland, killing and burning properties. In 1548 Mary was sent to France, raised as a Catholic, and educated at court in preparation for her marriage to the Dauphin Francis. She changed the spelling of her lineal name from Stewart to Stuart, after the French fashion, and married in 1558. In 1590 Francis and Mary became king and queen of France, but the ailing Francis died the following year. Mary returned to Protestant Scotland in the summer of 1561. Briefly, her rule with the advice of her brother, James Stewart the Earl of Moray, was peaceful and she practiced her faith privately. Other advisors convinced her to join in marriage with Henry Darnley (a great-grandson of Henry VII); their only child was the future James I of England. Darnley was manipulated by Mary's enemies, and murdered her secretary, David Riccio. In 1567, Darnley was killed by a bomb; within months of his death, Mary married the Earl of Bothwell, possibly the major figure in Darnley's murder. Mary's Protestant lords threatened her, and their armies met outside of Edinburgh in June of 1567. Defeated, she was imprisoned again, this time at Lochleven Castle, and forced to abdicate to her infant son. Bothwell fled to Scandinavia, where he died in prison. Mary escaped from the castle early in 1568 and secreted to England, hoping that her cousin, Elizabeth I, would send an army with her back to Scotland, but instead she was imprisoned for the last 19 years of her life. Her secret correspondence with the Catholic conspirator, Anthony Babington, was uncovered and Elizabeth charged her with treason. Mary, Queen of Scots, was executed at Fotheringhay Castle on February 8, 1587, aged 44, twenty years after this, her last regal coin, was minted. It remains as a tribute to a tragic monarchy.
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