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    Justinian II (AD 685-695). AV solidus (4.48 gm). AU, uneven strike.  Constantinople, 10th officina. IhS CRISTOS RЄX-RЄTNANTIЧM, facing bust of Christ with long hair and full beard, cross behind head, wearing pallium and colobrium, raising right hand in benediction, book of Gospels in left / D IЧSTINI-AN-ЧS SЄRЧ ChRISTI I, Justinian standing facing, wearing crown and loros, cross potent in right hand set on two steps, akakia in left hand; CONOP below. Sear 1248.

    The portrait of Christ on the obverse of this solidus is the first numismatic representation of Jesus, and immediately followed the ruling of the Trullan Synod of AD 692 that Christ could be depicted in human form. Justinian II was ostentatiously devout and placing the divine image on his coinage was a reflection of this. The image is remarkably naturalistic and lifelike, and was likely based on the mosaic image of Christ in the apse of the Great Palace of Constantinople, which was itself influenced by Hellenistic depictions of Zeus. Some scholars have argued that Justinian's choice to produce this new type came in response to the Umayyad caliph 'Abd al-Malik's minting of Byzantine-style solidi bearing the Islamic statement of faith (the shahada) in AD 692, which he used in payment of tribute to the Emperor prior to the eruption of the Battle of Sebastopolis the same year.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    November, 2017
    30th Thursday
    Internet/Mail Bids: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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