Superb Chalcidian League TetradrachmMACEDON. Chalcidian League. Ca. 390 BC. AR tetradrachm (27mm, 14.44 gm, 12h). Olynthos mint. Laureate head of Apollo right / Kithara within incuse square; X-A-Λ-KI[Δ]-EΩN around. Robinson & Clement group F, - (unlisted dies). SNG ANS -. Deeply struck in choice metal from fresh dies of high style. Choice Mint State.
The Chalcidice is a three-fingered spit of land extending from eastern Macedon into the Aegean Sea. Wary of Athenian imperialism and the rising power of the Macedonian Kingdom, the free cities of the Chalcidice banded together in 432 BC to form a defensive coalition called the Chalcidian League, with its capital of Olynthus. The silver coinage struck at Olynthus was on the Macedonian standard, somewhat lighter than the Attic standard employed by most of Greece, and was legal tender at all cities belonging to the league. The standard design featured a head of Apollo, god of beauty, art and music, with a type of lyre called a cithara on the reverse. The heads of Apollo on these pieces are remarkable for the strength and beauty of their style. Sadly, the Chalcidian League's coinage came to an end with the capture and destruction of Olynthus by King Philip II of Macedon in 348 BC.
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