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    Abdolonymus: Gardener Turned King

    MACEDONIAN KINGDOM. Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC). AV stater (19mm, 8.59 gm, 12h).  Early posthumous issue of Sidon, dated RY 13 of Abdalonymus (321/0 BC). Helmeted head of Athena right, helmeted bowl ornamented with coiled snake / AΛEΞANΔPOY, Nike standing left, holding wreath and stylis; N (date) under left wing. Price 3500. DCA 877. Well struck and lustrous. Minor reverse deposits, otherwise Choice Mint State.

    After Alexander the Great's siege and destruction of Tyre in 332 BC, most other Phoenician cities of the Levant quickly submitted. Sidon went so far as to depose its king, Straton II, for his support of Darius. The people of Sidon asked Alexander to choose a new king; he delegated the choice to Hephaestion, who settled on a member of the royal house named Abdolonymus, who had fallen on such hard times he was feeding himself by the cultivation of a kitchen garden. He was weeding in his garden when Hephaeston approached him with the royal crown and robes. Brought before Alexander, Abdolonymus was asked how he was able to endure his poverty; he replied "would be to heaven, I may as well bear my prosperity!" Alexander was so delighted he installed Abdolonymus in the palace of his predecessor and augmented his dominions from the surrounding territory. The coinage struck in Alexander's name at Sidon is dated from the start of Abdolonymus's reign in 332 BC. 


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    Auction Dates
    August, 2014
    8th Friday
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