Cape of MelqartSICULO-PUNIC. Lilybaion ('Ras Melqart'). Ca. 330-305 BC. AR tetradrachm (27mm, 17.22 gm, 12h). Charioteer driving racing quadriga right; Nike flying left above to crown charioteer, Punic RŠMLQRT in exergue / Head of Tanit-Kore-Persephone right; three dolphins around. HGC 2, 741. Jenkins, Punic 47 (O17/R36). SNG Lloyd 1599. Nicely centered and struck in good metal. Attractively toned. NGC AU? 5/5 - 5/5.
After the destruction of Motya by the Syracusan tyrant Dionysius I, the Carthaginians relocated the surviving population to a new, well-defended fortress on the western corner of Sicily. The Greeks called the city Lilybaion, while the Carthaginians referred to it as Ras Melqart, or the "Cape of Melqart." A second Punic mint (after Entella) was established there producing coins closely modeled on the issues of Syracuse, usually featuring a charging quadriga backed with a female head surrounded by leaping dolphins. Coinage at Lilybaion ended in about 305 BC and was not resumed until the Romans took full control of Sicily a century later.
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