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    Licinia Eudoxia Solidus, Unique In RIC!

    Licinia Eudoxia, wife of Valentinian III (Augusta, AD 425-450). AV solidus (21mm, 4.47 gm, 6h). Constantinople, AD 429. AEL EVDO-CIA AVG, diademed and draped bust of Eudoxia right, Manus Dei above holding wreath / SALVS ORIENTIS FELICITAS OCCIDENTIS, chi-rho symbol within circular medallion, CONOB in exergue. RIC X 269 (R5!). W. Hahn, Die Osprangung des romischen Reiches im 5 Jahrhundert (408-491) (Vienna 1989), 9. Extremely rare, likely the second known example! A few minor surface marks, otherwise nicely struck on a broad flan. NGC AU 5/5 - 3/5, scuffs.

    This remarkable reverse type and legend, translated as "The Health [or Salvation] of the East and the Happiness of the West," is unique to this issue of Licinia Eudoxia; furthermore RIC lists the type itself as R5, with only a single known example in Paris's Bibliotech Nationale. This would appear to be the second known specimen. The legend is of particular relevance to this intriguing Empress, who served as a human bridge between the Eastern and Western Roman Empires. Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of the East Roman Emperor Theodosius II and his wife Aelia Eudocia, became renowned for her beauty as she grew up in the glittering East Roman court. While still an infant, she was betrothed to her cousin, five-year-old Valentinian III, heir to the Western Roman throne. Valentinian was installed as emperor of the west in AD 425 when he was just six, and the wedding took place in Constantinople 12 years later, in AD 437. Politically, it was an ideal union, since it cemented ties between the East and West Roman Empires at a time of frequent crises, invasions and revolts in both realms. Although Valentinian was reputedly unfaithful to Eudoxia, the couple produced two daughters and the marriage endured until Valentinian's murder in AD 455. Although she favored the dashing officer Majorian as her late husband's replacement, Eudoxia was instead forced to marry the elderly Petronius Maximus, the man who had schemed Valentinian's death and usurped the throne. Rather than quietly acquiesce, Eudoxia summoned help from Gaiseric, king of the Vandals, who had been betrothed to one of her daughters. Her plea had unforseen consequences, however: Gaiseric set sail from Carthage to Rome, killed Petronius Maximus, sacked the city, and carried Eudoxia and her daughters off to captivity in Carthage, where they remained until AD 462, when the East Roman Emperor Leo secured her release. Accounts for the remainder of her life differ, some claiming she returned to Rome, while others suggest she spent the remainder of her life in Constantinople.




    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    January, 2015
    4th-5th Sunday-Monday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 2
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