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    Maximinus II, as Caesar (AD 310-313). AV aureus (20mm, 5.32 gm, 12h). NGC MS 5/5 - 3/5. Nicomedia, AD 305-306. MAXIMINVS-NOB CAES, laureate head of Maximinus I right / SOLI INVI-CTO NIK (last three letters in monogram), Sol standing slightly right, radiate head right, nude save for chlamys over shoulders and spread behind, right hand raised, globe and whip in left; SMN in exergue. RIC VI 36 (R5). Calicó -. Very rare - only one example in sales archives. Bold strike with a massive Tetrarchic portrait and a particularly well-modeled reverse.

    Maximinus II Daza ("the Dacian"), the nephew of Galerius, was serving in the imperial bodyguard in AD 305 when his uncle plucked him from obscurity and elevated him to the rank of Caesar in the Second Tetrarchy. Once established in power in his territories of Egypt and Syria, Daza seems not to have impressed his uncle greatly, for he was passed over for promotion twice in the chaotic years AD 306-309. In 310, he took matters into his own hands by having his troops proclaim him Augustus, setting him against four other Augusti (Galerius, Licinius, Constantine and the rebel Maxentius) and making a shambles of Diocletian's carefully constructed Tetrarchic system. After Galerius' death in 311, Daza cast himself in his uncle's mold as the defender of paganism and a persecutor of Christianity, placing him in opposition to Constantine and Licinius, who favored religious toleration. After Constantine crushed Maxentius in 312, Daza attempted to do the same to Licinius, invading Thrace the following year with a sizeable force of 70,000. But his long forced marches exhausted his troops and the outnumbered army of Licinius won a resounding victory at the Battle of Tzirallum in AD 313. Daza fled the field dressed as a slave, but soon died either of disease or by his own hand. His rule had been harsh and his subjects welcomed Licinius as a liberator. Christians in particular reviled Daza as the last great Roman persecutor.

    Estimate: $8,000 - $10,000.

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    5555 N. River Road
    Rosemont, IL 60018

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