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    Description

    Possibly Unique Copper-Nickel Alloy 1864 Pattern Cent

    1864 Indian Cent, Judd-356a, Pollock-427, R.6-7, PR 65. Die trial striking of the 1864 No-L cent on a thick planchet. Struck in copper-nickel with a plain edge.
    When this coin came to us we were uncertain about its metallic composition, and from its bright appearance wondered if it might be alloyed with aluminum. On May 12 the piece was examined by Metallurgical Engineering Services of Richardson, Texas. Their findings were that the coin is composed of 80.67% copper and 19.33% nickel. The significance of this finding is that such a composition has never been previously recorded in any of the literature on patterns. Regular issue copper-nickel cents from 1860-64 are 88% copper and 12% nickel. This is enough of a deviation to class this piece as an experimental composition. The Judd-356a (Pollock-427) strikings are closest to this piece, but their composition is copper or bronze. The question then becomes is this piece unique, or one of several experimental copper-nickel alloys, or are all the Judd-356a patterns that were previously assumed to be either copper or bronze really made from a copper-nickel alloy? This is a question that cannot be answered until more of these pieces are examined. But we do know that for the present, this is the only coin that we are aware of that has been professionally examined and been determined to be from this alloy.
    The coin is a lovely brilliant proof with sparkling, mirrored fields and light tan and rose color. There are virtually no flecks of carbon present on either side. The 1 in the date is lightly punched in. By way of identification, on the reverse there is a tiny nick on the N in ONE and what appears to be a die scratch across the center of the N in CENT that extends onto the E in ONE.
    Ex: Brand Collection; Kagin-Hollinbeck (9/30/52), lot 2110. Accompanied by two pages by Metallurgical Engineering Services giving the exact metallic composition of the coin. (PCGS# 60356)


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    Auction Dates
    Jul-Aug, 1997
    30th-2nd Wednesday-Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 0
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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