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    Southern Song Dynasty. Fujian Tax Sycee of 50 Taels ND (1127-1279) Certified AU55 by Gong Bo Grading, Opitz-pg. 329 (this piece illustrated), cf. Tai, Sycee Online, Su/1 and 7. 138x78mm. 1984.68gm. Cast in Sha County, Fujian Province. The top five characters in the right column read: "Sha Xian Jing Zhi Yin" (silver ingot from Sha County). We have been unable to read the remaining characters. Likely the most fascinating sycee contained in this collection, this iconic "axe-head" type was employed throughout the Jing, Yuan, and Song (Sung) dynasties. The two most common excises of the period were the Ex-Gate Tax--an in-land customs tax--and the Salt Tax--one of the main sources of income for the Jing Dynasty. The former was most frequently paid with 25 Tael ingots, though larger and smaller pieces from this time are known. This particular piece has a rich argent patination, and is highly original, with white ink or chalk applied to the characters to increase their visibility. Traces of the casting sprue are visible on either end. This is only the second 50 Tael sycee of this type we have offered, with the last having stamped, rather than hand-cut characters. Extremely rare. The base displays a small inventory sticker from Mr. Opitz's collection. Sold with old ANA Authentication Bureau Certificate AB 3666, as well as a clipping from the original Elder sale, a copy of Mr. Opitz's notes on the piece, and further pedigree information.
    Ex. Thomas L. Elder Public Auction Sale (18 January 1929, Lot 1711); Reportedly unearthed on the island of Poulou Campe in Sumatra in 1902
    From the Charles J. Opitz Collection


    南宋(1127-1279)福建「沙縣精製銀」五十兩稅錠。公博評級 AU55。
    Opitz第329頁顯示此枚。 138x78毫米。 1984.68克。福建省沙縣造。右欄中的前五個字為:「沙縣精製銀」(沙縣的銀錠)。我們無法讀取其餘字。代經(總)制銀,正經總制錢是南宋時期一種特殊的附加稅,是宋代財政收入的主要來源之一。在整個晉、元和宋時期都被採用的這種標誌性的「斧頭」型銀錠,亦可能是該系列中最引人入勝的錠子。該時期最常見的兩個消費稅是內陸關稅的前門稅(Ex-Gate Tax)和晉朝的主要收入來源之一的鹽稅。前者最常見是用25兩錠支付。這件特殊的錠具有豐富的銀色染層,而且品相非常原始,在字符上塗了白色墨水或粉筆以增加其可見度。鑄件「桿」的痕跡在任一端都可見。這只是我們提供的這種類型的第二枚五十兩銀錠 ,是最後一款帶有戳記,而不是手工切割的字符,因此極為罕見。底座上貼有Opitz先生收藏系列的一個小庫存標籤。與舊的ANA認證局證書AB 3666一起出售,以及原始的艾爾德(Elder)出售剪報,Opitz先生在作品上的筆記副本以及其他血統書信息。
    出自:托馬斯艾爾德(Thomas L.Elder)公開拍賣(1929年1月18日,編號1711);據說是在1902年在蘇門答臘的Poulou Campe島上發現的。


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    December, 2019
    5th-6th Thursday-Friday
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