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    1776 Continental Dollar, AU55
    CURENCY, Brass, Thin Planchet
    Newman 1-B, W-8440
    Ex: Norweb-Partrick

    1776 $1 Continental Dollar, CURENCY, Brass, Newman 1-B, W-8440, R.7, AU55 PCGS. CAC. Die alignment: 30 degrees. 199.9 grains. 78% copper, 19% zinc, 2% lead. Ex: Norweb-Partrick. The 1776 Continental dollar in brass is an enigmatic issue, with two known die varieties. This coin represents the rare Newman 1-B variety, with CURENCY misspelled and the dotted rings on the reverse lapped and strengthened to appear as straight lines. The present coin was struck on a thin planchet, but examples are known with thick planchets, as well. Only 12 brass examples of Newman 1-B are known to collectors today (see roster below), with another half dozen, or so, examples in pewter. Walter Breen believed the brass specimens were patterns for large cents, despite the differences in size and weight between the cent and this dollar-sized issue. Michael Hodder's research on die states of both brass and pewter examples of Newman 1-B indicates the two issues were struck simultaneously.

    Obverse and Reverse Dies

    Newman Obverse 1 shows a sundial, MIND YOUR BUSINESS, and sunrays inside the central ring. Roman numerals I through XII are clearly visible on the sundial, with a gap at the right between VI and VII. The numerals IX, XI, and XII are inverted when read alongside VII and VIII. Along the upper part of the sundial are seen I, II, III, IIII, V, and VI. Rotating the coin to follow the numerals below reveals VII, VIII, XI, X, IX, and IIX. Several of the Is are split, such as those in IIX (or XII), that actually appear to have four vertical strokes adjacent to the X. Michael Hodder compiled a brief article about the Roman numerals on the different Continental dollar obverse dies in the June 1988 issue of The Colonial Newsletter.

    FUGIO and the meridian sun are located within the central band, and CONTINENTAL CURENCY and 1776 appear in the outer margin. The letters in CONTINENTAL become progressively closer, and the O has a crescent-shaped hook at its upper right curve. In CURENCY, RE are close and EN are distant. The serif of the G in FUGIO is boldly doubled. A short horizontal die line appears inside the U of YOUR on earlier die states of Obverse 1. This obverse die was also used to strike the extremely rare Newman 1-A variety in brass, the Newman 1-B variety in pewter, and the Newman 1-C variety in pewter and silver.

    Newman Reverse B has the legend WE ARE ONE at the center, inside a central band inscribed AMERICAN CONGRESS, with a comma below the small N in AMERICAN. The central band, in turn, is outlined by a glory of rays. The 13 intertwined dotted rings have been strengthened and now appear as unbroken lines, although many of the former dots are still visible in each ring. Each ring contains a state name, beginning with New Hampshire at 11:30. The abbreviated state names appear as: N HAMPS, CONNECT'T, R. ISLAND, N. YORKE, N. JERSEY, PENNSILV, DELAWARE, MARYLAND, VIRGINIA, N. CAROLIN, S. CAROLIN, GEORGIA, and MASSACHS. Many of the rays around the central band are solidly connected to the various rings. This reverse die was also used to strike the Newman 1-A variety in brass (early die state, with beaded rings), Newman 1-B variety in pewter (reworked middle die state), and Newman 1-C variety in pewter and silver (reworked final die state).

    Physical Description

    Attractive olive-brown toning appears on the bright yellow-brass surfaces of this impressive Choice AU specimen. Only light wear and minor abrasions are evident. Just a touch of the usual softness is apparent on the centers. Both dies are perfect with no signs of die cracks or other use. This piece is lighter in weight than any other of the variety, and the thin planchet certainly contributed to the strike weakness. An amber carbon spot below the Y in CURRENCY acts as a pedigree marker. The quality and eye appeal are attested by the CAC sticker. Listed on page 49 of the 2022 Guide Book.

    Census of Newman 1-B in Brass
    1. MS63 NGC.
    Charles Jay Collection (Stack's, 10/1967), lot 39; Laird U. Park Collection (Stack's, 5/1976), lot 109; Herdman Collection (Bowers and Ruddy, 12/1977), lot 5039; Collection of a Patriotic American (Heritage, 7/2009), lot 1002, realized $299,000.
    2. MS62 NGC.
    Eric P. Newman Collection; Eric P. Newman Numismatic Education Society; Selections From the Eric P. Newman Collection, Part V (Heritage, 11/2014), lot 3037; realized $440,625. 75% copper, 22% zinc, 1% lead.
    3. AU55 NGC.
    B. Max Mehl (privately, 1/11/1937); Norweb Collection (Bowers and Merena, 3/1988), lot 2451; Donald G. Partrick; Partrick Collection, Part I (Heritage, 1/2015), lot 5835, realized $182,125; the present coin.
    4. AU55
    . Taylor Collection (Bowers and Merena, 3/1987), lot 2047; Somerset Collection (Bowers and Merena, 5/1992), lot 1010; Americana Sale (Stack's, 1/2007), lot 6439.
    5. AU or finer.
    (Described as "Virtually Uncirculated" in the Carter catalog) Jerome Kern Collection (B. Max Mehl, 5/1950), lot 769; Amon Carter Collection (Stack's, 1/1984), lot 204.
    6. Choice XF.
    Virgil Brand; F.C.C. Boyd; John J. Ford, Jr. (Stack's, 10/2003), lot 1.
    7. Choice XF.
    "Promised Lands" Sale (Pine Tree, 4/1974), lot 335; Gilbert Steinberg Collection (Stack's, 10/1989), lot 63.
    8. XF45 PCGS.
    1999 ANA Signature (Heritage, 8/1999), lot 6465.
    9. XF.
    Lermann Collection; Garrett Collection, Part III (Bowers and Ruddy, 10/1980), lot 1489. The Garrett catalog includes the following comment: "While the appearance of the present coin indicates that it is struck in copper, most specimens have been described as being in brass."
    10. XF.
    John L. Roper, 2nd Collection (Stack's, 12/1983), lot 198; Public Auction Sale (Stack's, 9/2006), lot 112.
    11. AU Details NGC.
    New Netherlands Coin Company (privately, 8/21/1955); Norweb Collection (Bowers and Merena, 3/1988), lot 2452; Donald G. Partrick; Partrick Collection, Part I (Heritage, 1/2015), lot 5836. 89% copper, 8% zinc, 2% tin.
    12. VF25 NGC.
    Ellis Robison Collection (Stack's, 2/1982), lot 87; Jon Hanson; Donald G. Partrick; Partrick Platinum! (Heritage, 4/2021), lot 3033.
    From The Warshaw Family Collection, Part IV.

    Coin Index Numbers: (NGC ID# 2AYP, Variety PCGS# 792, Base PCGS# 791)

    View all of [The Warshaw Family Collection, Part IV ]

    View Certification Details from PCGS

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    June, 2021
    17th-20th Thursday-Sunday
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