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    1776 Continental Dollar, VF20
    Newman 4-D, CURRENCEY

    1776 $1 Continental Dollar, CURRENCEY, Pewter, Newman 4-D, Breen-1097, Hodder 4-B, W-8475, High R.7. VF20 NGC. Die alignment: 190 degrees. 257.4 grains. 86% tin, 10% lead, 2% antimony. Ex: Terranova. Deep steel patina in the fields is combined with lighter gray devices on this important rarity. The minor roughness of the surfaces identifies this example as the plate coin in Michael Hodder's 1991 ANA Centennial Anthology article, "The Continental Currency Coinage of 1776."

    Die Notes
    The obverse carries the same basic design as the other Continental dollars, without the engraver's signature. The date appears in much smaller digits than on the other three obverse dies. The sundial has the same inverted Roman numerals as found on the other dies, and also has the wide gap at 3 o'clock, the numerals appearing as: I II III (IIII) V VI VI VII VIII XI X IX IIX, with 6 o'clock repeated. The legend appears as CONTINENTAL CURRENCEY. The legend is frequently described as a misspelling, although a better description might be an alternative spelling. Hodder writes:

    "It is interesting to note, however, that the same 'misspelling' occurs on the February 17, 1776 paper currency issue, which have been thought to have been the prototype for the coinage's obverse design. It is clear from obverse 4's fate that its employers felt the additional E in CURRENCEY was unwanted."

    The reverse is the same die that previously appeared on Newman 3-D, the EG FECIT variety. Die states seem to be intermingled with Newman 3-D, suggesting that both varieties were coined simultaneously.

    Census of Known Examples
    This variety poses problems for the Census-taker, as a population of four examples has been recorded since Breen's Complete Encyclopedia was published in 1988:

    "1) Newcomer, Green, Eric P. Newman, 285.5 grs. = 18.5 gms. 2) British coll., NN/Seaby 11/70: 429, Roper: 202, $6,050, 277.3 grs. = 17.97 gms. 3) British coll., Anthony Terranova, 257.7 grs. = 16.7 gms; sp. gr. 7.27 +/- 0.01. 4) Pvt. coll."

    The present piece from the Donald Groves Partrick Collection is number 3 in Breen's list, while number 4 remains unidentified. Until such time as that piece is identified, the number of examples known to us remains just three:

    MS63 NGC. Waldo Newcomer; B. Max Mehl; "Colonel" E.H.R. Green; Green Estate; Partnership of Eric P. Newman / B.G. Johnson d.b.a. St. Louis Stamp & Coin Co.; Eric P. Newman @ $400.00; Eric P. Newman Numismatic Education Society (Heritage, 11/2014), lot 3041 at $381,875. Plated in the Breen Complete Encyclopedia and the Whitman Encyclopedia of Colonial and Early American Coins.

    Choice XF. New Netherlands-Seaby's Joint Sale (11/1970), lot 429; John L. Roper, 2nd (Stack's, 12/1983), lot 202; John J. Ford, Jr. (Stack's, 10/2003), lot 9.

    VF20 NGC. The present piece, per the provenance below.

    Unknown grade. Breen's "private collection" coin with no further details.

    Ex: London Coin Dealer; Anthony Terranova (9/7/1985); Donald Groves Partrick. (NGC ID# 2AYW, PCGS# 797)

    Learn more at the Newman Numismatic Portal at Washington University in St. Louis.

    View all of [The Partrick Collection ]

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    January, 2015
    7th-12th Wednesday-Monday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 16
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 1,442

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