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    1785 Immune Columbia Vermont, VF35
    RR-1, Exceptional Quality

    1785 COPPER Vermont Copper, Immune Columbia VF35 NGC. CAC. RR-1, Bressett 26-Z, W-2250, low R.6. Ex: Craige. Few coins stir the passions of Vermont collectors more than the RR-1 Immune Columbia copper. It stands alone as a type coin in the Vermont series. The fact that it was an official Machin's Mills issue, struck during the time Thomas Machin was authorized to produce Vermont copper, makes it an essential variety to own. Combined with the significance of the Immune Columbia reverse (any Immune Columbia colonial coinage has its own enthusiastic following), the RR-1 muling takes on transcendent appeal.

    The Immune reverse has puzzled specialists for generations. While current feeling runs in favor of its purely American origin, the exact reason for its existence is unclear. How the design ended up on the back of a crudely made Vermont obverse is a conundrum.

    Seemingly, the die was pressed into service hurriedly and for only a short duration. The obverse legend, in particular, is poorly executed, as are some other contemporary Machin's Mills obverses: for example, the RR-30 Vermont and the Vlack 15-85NY copper. Were discarded dies used willy-nilly as operations wound down at the Newburgh Mint? When the price of copper collapsed in 1788, minting coppers was no longer viable.

    Numismatists have long felt the Vermont Immune Columbia pieces were backdated to 1785 and actually produced in 1787 or 1788, placing them in the strange category of "illogical mulings" along with other disparate, low-mintage issues that typified the final work of the coiners.

    The issue was for the most part poorly produced on too-small, crude planchets. The placement of the obverse legend is almost comical in its weird spacing -- positioned too close to the portrait on the left, and too distant and low on the right.

    The present coin displays outstanding quality for an Immune Columbia Vermont. Although the reverse is too large for the small flan, a partial date is visible. Many examples lack the date entirely. The surfaces are glossy and appealing with attractive tan-brown color. Minor porosity appears at the centers where the strike is characteristically weak for the issue. It exceeds the Ford specimens as well as those from the Garrett, Norweb, and Taylor collections, and it is easily the finest-certified representative known at either service (11/14).

    One can hardly find a more-desired colonial copper in any of the state series. This coin may be the finest Immune Columbia Vermont extant and, as such, it is sure to inspire tremendous interest when it crosses the block.
    Ex: Ted L. Craige; Q. David Bowers Collection; Jon Hanson (3/1988); Donald Groves Partrick.

    Coin Index Numbers: (NGC ID# 2B54, PCGS# 536)


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    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    January, 2015
    7th-12th Wednesday-Monday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 19
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 1,718

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