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    1787 Immunis Columbia Copper, MS64 Brown
    The Finest Wide Planchet Variant, W-5680
    Struck over New Jersey Maris 26-S

    1787 COPPER New York Immunis Columbia / Large Eagle, Wide Planchet, Plain Edge, Breen-1136, W-5680, High R.7, MS64 Brown NGC. CAC. Ex: J.G. Mills. Donald G. Partrick Collection. 155.3 grains. The New Jersey undertype is prominently visible on this fantastic overstrike. Both sides exhibit glossy and lustrous light brown surfaces with splashes of maroon patina. The strike is exceptionally sharp, lacking in detail only as a result of the overstrike. The pristine surfaces show no contact marks on either side.

    Michael Hodder considered the Immunis Columbia coinage in his detailed article "The 1787 'New York' Immunis Columbia, A Mystery Re-Ravelled" that appeared in the January 1991 issue of The Colonial Newsletter. Hodder noted that the four known Wide Planchet Immunis Columbia pieces are all struck over New Jersey Maris 26-S coppers. These pieces were long considered patterns that were produced by Matthias Ogden in a petition to Congress for a Federal coining franchise. However, Hodder provides evidence to the contrary, writing:

    "This new study indicates that the issue was struck circa late 1788-middle 1789 under the auspices of Matthias Ogden in the original Rahway mint, where New Jersey 16-S and 26-S had also been coined. It is probable that the entire issue was planned for circulation, and was not struck to support Matthias Ogden's March 3, 1787 coinage proposal, but rather, to provide Ogden with another source of revenue free from the 10% seigniorage payable to the state on the New Jersey coinage."

    Considering the Maris 26-S undertype on all four known examples, this variety rightfully deserves a place within an advanced New Jersey coinage collection. Roger S. Siboni, John L. Howes, and A. Buell Ish discuss the New Jersey-Immunis Columbia relationship in New Jersey State Coppers:

    "Many New Jersey varieties are found struck over a wide array of undertypes, but it is extremely rare to find New Jersey coppers used as host coins. Only Maris 26-S and 35-J are known to have been used as host coins in a systematic manner, thereby suggesting that the overstriking actually took place in one of the New Jersey mints. Maris 26-S is therefore not only an attractive New Jersey variety, but it is also a coin that hints at the complexity and interrelationships of the coinages, mints, and the men involved. An IMMUNIS COLUMBIA certainly would make a logical supplement to a New Jersey collection, allowing its owner greater opportunity to consider the full complexities of the numismatic situation."

    Census of Known Specimens
    1. MS64 Brown NGC.
    John G. Mills Collection (Chapman Brothers, 4/1904), lot 124 to "Cup" whose identity is unknown; possibly to Col. James Ellsworth; John Work Garrett; Johns Hopkins University (Bowers and Ruddy, 11/1979), lot 605; Marvin Browder; Ed Milas; Stack's; Jon Hanson (8/8/1998); Donald Groves Partrick (Heritage, 1/2015), lot 5651. The present piece.
    2. AU55 ? NGC.
    Lorin G. Parmelee Collection (New York Coin & Stamp, 6/1890), Lot 596; James Ten Eyck; Albany Historical Society; James Ten Eyck (B. Max Mehl, 5/1922), Lot 845; Waldo Newcomer (circa 1931 via B. Max Mehl); "Colonel" E.H.R. Green; Green Estate; B.G. Johnson in the early 1940s; Eric P. Newman, purchased for $50.00; Eric P. Newman Numismatic Education Society (Heritage, 5/2014), lot 30425.
    3. EF.
    ANA Sale (Stack's, 8/1976), lot 73.
    4. Uncertain grade.
    Col. Phares O. Sigler Collection.
    From the Collection of a Patriotic American.

    Previous collections from this consignor (Continental dollars and Continental currency) can be viewed by clicking the following links:
    The Collection of a Patriotic American -- Continental dollars

    The Collection of a Patriotic American -- Continental currency

    View all of [The Collection of a Patriotic American ]

    View Certification Details from NGC

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    August, 2019
    14th-18th Wednesday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 15
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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