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    Description

    1787 Immunis Columbia Copper, XF40
    Eagle Reverse, Wide Planchet, W-5680
    Struck Over a Maris 26-S New Jersey

    1787 Immunis Columbia, Eagle Reverse, Wide Planchet--Struck Over a Maris 26-S New Jersey Copper--XF40 NGC. W-5680, High R.7. This issue is believed struck by Matthias Ogden in 1789, at his private mint in Rahway, New Jersey, and should be included in New Jersey variety collections. The undertype provides further evidence for its origin. Roger S. Siboni, John L. Howes, and A. Buell Ish discuss the New Jersey-Immunis Columbia relationship in New Jersey State Coppers:

    "Many New Jersey varieties are found struck over a wide array of undertypes, but it is extremely rare to find New Jersey coppers used as host coins. Only Maris 26-S and 35-J are known to have been used as host coins in a systematic manner, thereby suggesting that the overstriking actually took place in one of the New Jersey mints. Maris 26-S is therefore not only an attractive New Jersey variety, but it is also a coin that hints at the complexity and interrelationships of the coinages, mints, and the men involved. An IMMUNIS COLUMBIA certainly would make a logical supplement to a New Jersey collection, allowing its owner greater opportunity to consider the full complexities of the numismatic situation."



    Long ago, these large or wide planchet Immunis Columbia coins were considered patterns, but current scholars suggest they were coined for circulation. In the January 1001 issue of The Colonial Newsletter, Michael Hodder wrote:

    "It is probable that the entire issue was planned for circulation, and was not struck to support Matthias Ogden's March 3, 1787 coinage proposal, but rather, to provide Ogden with another source of revenue free from the 10% seigniorage payable to the state on the New Jersey coinage."



    Most examples of W-5680 are on undersized flans and lack a full date and dentilation, but the present coin shows a complete design, due to the relatively large diameter undertype. It is our opinion that this large planchet variant should have a separate catalog number in the Whitman Encyclopedia of Colonial and Early American Coins. We know of just four overstrikes like this one on large planchets. Most of the undertype was effaced by the overstrike, but portions of the plow are apparent near the S in IMMUNIS. A charming, moderately circulated mahogany-brown example. Listed on page 57 of the 2021 Guide Book.
    Ex: Donald G. Partrick.

    Coin Index Numbers: (NGC ID# BFJL, PCGS# 841)


    View Certification Details from NGC

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    March, 2021
    17th-18th Wednesday-Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 21
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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