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    Description

    IONIA. Magnesia ad Meandrum. Ca. 155-145 BC. AV stater (20mm, 8.33 gm, 12h). NGC Choice AU 5/5 - 4/5. Euphemus and Pausianius, magistrates. Draped bust of Artemis right, wearing stephane, hair gathered into knot at back of head, quiver and bow over shoulder / ΜΑΓΝΗΤΩΝ above Nike standing in car of biga right, kentron in right hand, reins in left, both horses prancing right; ΕΥΦΗΜΟΣ below horses, ΠΑΥΣΑΝΙΟΥ below ground line. BMC Ionia -. SNG Von Aulock -. SNG Copenhagen -. cf. Heritage 3066, lot 30052 for a another example. A completely unrecorded denomination and type for this city. Struck from a somewhat rusty obverse die and displaying corresponding granularity in the fields, otherwise a highly attractive type.

    Magnesia ad Meandrum was founded on the banks of the Lecathus, a tributary of the Meander river, in south-western Ionia circa the mid-700s BC by a tribe from Thessaly known as the Magnetes, plus colonists from Crete. In the mid-2nd century BC, Magnesia was among the cities that enjoyed a renaissance of classical Greek coinage, issuing large and beautiful stephanophoric ("wreath bearing") silver tetradrachms bearing a lovely head of the city's patron goddess, Artemis, with a reverse depicting her brother Apollo standing atop a meander pattern. These coins carried the names of a series of magistrates (or, as suggested by Nicholas F. Jones, wealthy civic patrons who financed the coinage), including probably the same Euphemos and Pausanius named on this gold stater, allowing us to date this remarkable piece to the same era as the stephanophoric tetradrachms, circa 155-145 BC. While Artemis graces the obverse, the reverse depiction of Nike driving a biga is otherwise unknown on any coinage of Magnesia and suggests that the issuance of our stater was in honor of a military victory of some kind, or perhaps the anniversary of a great victory. Since Magnesia was not itself a military powerhouse, the occasion must remain an open question, although the 40th anniversary of the Battle of Magnesia, which fell in December 150 BC, is a possibility. Although the battle between the Roman Republic and the Seleucid Kingdom occurred near a different Magnesia (ad Sipylum in Lydia), it effectively freed western Asia Minor from Seleucid control and gave the cities therein a large measure of autonomy within the loosely controlled Pergamene Kingdom.


    愛奧尼亞。邁安德河平原上的馬格尼西亞。約公元前155-145年。標準重斯塔特金幣(20mm, 8.33 gm, 12h)。NGC Choice AU 5/5 - 4/5。 政務官伊翁非姆斯和保西亞努斯。阿爾忒彌斯的胸像面右,戴冠形發環,頭髮綰於腦後,肩上背弓與箭袋。背面幣文ΜΑΓΝΗΤΩN,下方尼克女神駕雙馬戰車面右,右手執鞭左手握韁,兩馬面右蹶蹄騰起。馬身下幣文ΕΥΦΗΜΟΣ,ΠΑΥΣΑΝΙΟΥ在腳線以下。參BMC Ionia-. SNG Von Aulock-. SNG Cop​​enhagen-. 對照海瑞得#3066拍賣會30052號拍品。完全沒有該城市的面值和類型記錄。從一個略微生鏽的正面模具中壓製而成,底板也呈現出與之相稱的顆粒度,否則將是極具吸引力的一款。

    馬格尼西亞建在邁安德河支流力加圖斯的河岸上,位於愛奧尼亞西南部,約公元前700年中葉由塞薩利的馬格尼特的部落、以及還有來自克里特島的殖民者所建。公元前2世紀中葉,馬格尼西亞是享受了古典希臘錢幣復興的城市之一,發行了大而美麗的帶花環的四德拉克馬銀幣,帶有可愛的城市守護神女神阿爾忒彌斯頭像,背面則刻畫她兄弟阿波羅站立在彎流上的圖案。這些硬幣刻有一系列政務官的名字(或者,尼古拉斯.F.瓊斯認為,是資助造幣的富有的公民贊助人),包括可能正是這枚金幣上的伊翁非姆斯和保西亞努斯。據此,我們得以將這枚錢幣的年代斷在公元前155-145年,與"花環式四德拉克馬"同時期。阿爾忒彌斯為正面增色不少,而背面的尼克駕車未見於任何馬格尼西亞鑄幣,意味著我們的這一枚是為了紀念某一軍事勝利而發行的,或者也許是為了重大勝利的週年紀念。儘管慶祝馬格尼西亞戰役40週年是可能的(雖然在公元前150年12月陷落了),但由於馬格尼西亞本身並不是一個軍事集團,所以這個場合必然仍是一個開放懸而未決的問題。雖然羅馬共和國和塞琉古王國之間的戰爭發生在另一個的馬格尼西亞(呂底亞的西皮盧)附近,但它有效地將小亞細亞西部從塞琉古的控制中解放出來,並在鬆散控制的佩加蒙王國內賦予了其中的城市相當的自治權。

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    June, 2019
    27th-28th Thursday-Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 6
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