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    Description

    Double Signed Dies

    SICILY. Syracuse. Second Democracy (ca. 466-405 BC). AR tetradrachm (26mm, 17.21 gm, 8h). ANACS EF 40. Ca. 415-406 BC. Dies signed by Euth(edemos?) (obverse) and Phrygillos (reverse). Nike driving galloping quadriga right, reins in both hands; Nike flying left above crowning her; Scylla swimming right, trident in left hand over shoulder, dolphin leaping out of the sea behind Scylla; EYΘ and fish swimming right before, all within exergue, dotted border / ΣΥ-ΡΑΚ-ΟΣ-Ι-ΟΝ, head of Arethusa left in high classical style, wreathed with grain, wearing looped earring and necklace with large pendant; four dolphins swimming around; ΦPYΓIΛΛ/ΟΣ in two lines below. Tudeer 47 (V15/R29). SNG ANS 274 (same dies). Kraay & Hirmer 107 (same dies). Rizzo pl. XLII, 12.

    From a Private Japanese Collection. Ex Heritage Auction 3033 (ANA, 8 August 2014), lot 23006.

    Realizing the high artistic quality of their work, the engravers of dies for Syracusan tetradrachms and decadrachms often signed their work. Their pride in their artistry is justifiable, as evidenced by the great desire of the coins they created among modern collectors. The obverse of this tetradrachm carries the abbreviated signature Euth...(likely for Euthydemos), while the full name of Phrygillos appears on the reverse. The iconic and highly influential types are skillfully rendered in high classical style. The quadriga carrying Nike on the obverse was widely copied and ultimately lies behind similar depictions on Classical and Hellenistic Greek coins of other cities and kings as well as related images on Roman coins. The sea monster Scylla, depicted in the exergue, was believed to live in the dangerous Strait of Messenia between Sicily and Italy. Arethusa-Persephone, the nymph-patron of Syracuse appears on the reverse, symbolizing the agricultural prosperity and maritime importance of Syracuse.


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    January, 2020
    12th-13th Sunday-Monday
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