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    Description

    1757-Dated Original Treaty of Easton Medal, MS62
    Struck over a Spanish American 8 Reales
    Betts-401, The Finest Known

    1757-Dated George II Indian Peace Medal, Treaty of Easton, Betts-401, Julian IP-49, MS62 NGC. 43.7 mm, 399.2 grains. In the tradition of collecting North American Indian Peace medals, this iconic and exceptionally well-designed type has always been esteemed by the most important collectors. The Treaty of Easton medal is also identified as the Quaker or Duffield medal as Edward Duffield engraved the dies for the Philadelphia Society of Friends. In Historical Medals of America, Betts writes: "This is thought to be the first Indian Medal executed in America, and is said to have been presented by 'the Friendly Association for Regaining and Preserving Peace with the Indians by Pacific Means.'" Martha Wilson Hamilton, in Silver in the Fur Trade: 1680-1820, describes Duffield as "a Philadelphia clockmaker, friend of Benjamin Franklin, and executor of Franklin's estate." She adds, "The striking was done by Joseph Richardson, a member of the Society." The dies remained in the hands of his son, Joseph Richardson, Jr., whose letter on the topic was reprinted in the October 1877 issue of the American Journal of Numismatics in an article titled "An Old Indian Medal," and is reproduced below:

    "Philadelphia, Sixth Month, 12th, 1813
    "The impressions which I now respectfully offer for thy acceptance are from dies that have long been in possession of my predecessor and myself; at the early time they were engraved, coining presses were unknown in this country. They were, therefore, cut on punches fixed in a socket, and struck with a sledge hammer. The Indian medal of 1757 was struck at the expense of a Society (chiefly composed of Friends) formed in Philadelphia, for the express purpose of promoting peace with the Indian tribes. The appropriate inscription on the reverse is truly characteristic, and will serve to convey to posterity a just idea of the men of influence in those days. I remember well the striking of the Indian medal by my father; it was executed in silver, and presented to the Indians by the Society. Although this Medal may at present be thought of little value, I have no doubt in a future day it will be considered as interesting, not only from the occasion for which it was struck, but as it may serve to show the progress of the arts in our country.
    Thy Friend, Joseph Richardson"



    R.W. Julian, in Medals of the United States Mint: The First Century, describes the medal as: "Obverse: bust to left with legend GEORGIUS II DEI GRATIA [GEORGE II BY THE GRACE OF GOD]. Reverse: A Quaker, at a council fire, offers a peace pipe to an Indian. The date 1757 is below with LET US LOOK TO THE MOST HIGH WHO BLESSED OUR FATHERS WITH PEACE in an encircling legend."

    These medals were awarded to Native Americans during negotiations leading to the October 1758 Treaty of Easton, by which "Peace was confirmed between His Maj'ty's Subjects, and the Delawares and their Allies ..." and "the Proprietors of Pennsylvania released all the Lands within their province to the Westward of the Allegheny hills to the Indians of the Six Nations, from whom they had before purchased them, and solemnly engaged 'That no white people should make Plantations or Settlements on the Lands to the Westward of those Hills.'" (excerpted from the Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, 1761-1765.)

    The dies held by Richardson were eventually transferred to the U.S. Mint as early as 1800, according to R.W. Julian, where examples were restruck. Original 1757 strikes are from the earliest die state while Mint restrikes vary from early to late states inclusive of broken dies.

    This piece is from the John J. Ford, Jr. Collection, where the cataloger presented a brief census of 13 known examples including three in the American Numismatic Society and one at the Winterthur Museum. A New England collector holds two; Alan Weinberg owns one; another is owned by the well-known historical document dealer, Ken Rendell; a Philadelphia auction house (Freeman's) offered one in early 2006; and three examples, including the present medal, appeared in the October 2006 John J. Ford, Jr. sale.

    This lovely example has the leaved olive edge of original strikes. Both sides exhibit rich pewter-gray surfaces with splendid blue and rose overtones. It is holed at 12 o'clock, apparently as usual for the original strikes.
    Ex: William Fox Steinberg; John J. Ford, Jr. (Stack's, 10/2006), lot 39 as the finest known to the cataloger; Jon Hanson; Donald G. Partrick.


    View all of [The Donald G. Partrick Collection ]

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    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    April, 2021
    22nd-25th Thursday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 22
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