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    1873-Dated Indian Treaty No. 3 Medal, XF45
    Jamieson-38, Only a Handful Traced

    1873-Dated Canada Indian Treaty No. 3, Jamieson-38, Silver, XF45 NGC. McLachlan-30, Leroux-1191, Breton-29. 76 mm. Treaty No. 3 between the Crown and the Saulteux tribe of Ojibway First Nations, also known as the Northwest Angle Treaty, was signed on October 3, 1873. In exchange for 55,000 square miles of territory between western Ontario and southeastern Manitoba, the Canadian government promised as a signing gift "twelve dollars for each man, woman, and child belonging to the bands." Additionally, "each Chief shall receive, in recognition of the closing of the treaty, a suitable flag and medal."

    Documentation from Simon J. Dawson of the Department of Public Works shows that the chiefs had not yet received their flags or any medals (Confederation, small-size Wyon, or Hendery) as late as January 1875, two years after the signing of the treaty. We know that the numbered treaty medals (Jamieson-38) were not ordered until March 1875 and could not have been delivered until mid-1875 at the earliest. We also know that on January 3, 1878, Indian agent and former Hudson's Bay Company employee Robert Pither wrote to Deputy Minister of the Interior E.A. Meredith confirming that medals had been distributed and that the chiefs finally received what was rightfully owed to them. In other words, we believe Treaty No. 3 medals were distributed at some point between mid-1875 and the first few days of 1878.

    Like its Treaty Nos. 1 and 2 counterparts, Treaty No. 3 medals are excessively rare. We have been able to trace six examples, including one each in the Manitoba Museum and Library and Archives Canada. Lot 220 of Sotheby's (Canada) May 1970 sale is similar in appearance to the Partrick medal, as is the VF/XF example we handled as part of the Sid and Alicia Belzberg Collection of Canadian Coinage (Heritage, 1/2003), lot 15615. All three have identical numeral punches and hangers missing their suspension loops. One was offered as lot 19 in the John J. Ford, Jr. Collection, Part XVIII (Stack's, 5/2007), a Choice proof with different punches than the three above and with a suspension loop. This example shows signs of honest wear but is void of any overt problems. Worth a premium bid.
    Ex: Warren Baker (8/17/1982); Donald G. Partrick.

    Learn more at the Newman Numismatic Portal at Washington University in St. Louis.

    View Certification Details from NGC

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