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    Description

    1795 George Washington Oval Peace Medal
    Engraved by Joseph Richardson

    1795 George Washington President Oval Engraved Indian Peace Medal, Silver, by Joseph Richardson, Baker 174U, Type of Belden 10-B, Prucha 33, Gilcrease 6.14, Genuine NGC. Middle size, 104 x 149 mm. Type of Gilcrease illustration 6.14. Exceptionally well engraved at the hand of Joseph Richardson whose hallmark appears below the eagle on the reverse. NGC identifies this piece as genuine on an accompanying photo certificate. This lovely medal has pleasing silver-gray surfaces with gold and iridescent toning splashes on each side. The rim and loop remain intact, and the loop is attached at a right angle to the face of the medal, the style of Joseph Richardson.

    Genuine examples of the oval engraved peace medals are rare, and the majority of those known today are held in museums. Examples are dated 1789, 1792, 1793, and 1795, and they are known in three sizes. The late George Fuld compiled a comprehensive census for the 2011 Gilcrease Museum book, Peace Medals, Negotiating Power in Early America. A 1789-dated medal in the American Numismatic Society Collection measures 106 x 137 mm, and is considered genuine. The authenticity of two others, located at the Winterthur Museum and the Denver Museum of Nature and Science, is questionable.

    Three sizes of 1792-dated medals are known with a combined population of 15 examples including nine in museums. The 1793-dated medals are also known in three sizes with a recorded population of 17 examples including 12 in museums. There are two known sizes of the 1795-dated medals including the present piece. Fuld records a population of five examples with two in museums. The 38 examples in the Fuld census include 24 in museum collections and 14 in private hands. The size of the medal was significant and indicated the importance of the recipient.

    When Samuel Hudson and Henry Chapman offered this medal in 1905, they quoted a letter from W.F. Greany who wrote:

    "Presented to 'Fish Carrier' of the Cayugas of New York State, afterwards of Canada, for services rendered around the Canadian frontier in the war with England. Has only been in two chiefs' families since 1795."



    Current researchers hold the opinion that this 1795-dated George Washington Oval Peace Medal is not the one presented to Fish Carrier.
    Ex: Charles Morris Collection Sale (S.H. and H. Chapman, 4/1905), lot 157; Robert Garrett; John Work Garrett; Johns Hopkins University (Bowers and Ruddy, 3/1981), lot 1914; Donald G. Partrick.


    Learn more at the Newman Numismatic Portal at Washington University in St. Louis.

    View all of [The Donald G. Partrick Collection ]

    View Certification Details from NGC

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    January, 2021
    20th-24th Wednesday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 17
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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