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    Meshorer's Aelia Capitolina Collection

    Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem, renamed by Hadrian) Collection. "At Jerusalem, [Hadrian] founded a city in place of the one which had been razed to the ground, naming it Aelia Capitolina, and on the site of the temple of the god he raised a new temple to Jupiter"- Dio Cassius (Roman History LXIX, 12,1).

    This is a comprehensive collection of 164 coins of Aelia Capitolina from Hadrian to (117-138 AD) through Hostilian (251 AD). Underscoring the importance of this collection, we note that 80 of these coins were used as research material and photographed for Ya'akov Meshorer's book The Coinage of Aelia Capitolina (1989). The collection was once Meshorer's own, and was acquired by the Collector around 20 years ago. When Meshorer's book was published he also included photographs of coins from both public and private collections to express his gratitude for assistance that had been provided. Most of the key rarities are the same coins illustrated in the classic book. Many coins in this collection are among the rarest and most historic coins of Jerusalem during its relatively short tenure under the name Aelia Capitolina. The coins are numbered and reverses are briefly described below. All coins marked with an asterisk (*) are illustrated in Meshorer's book. GRADE. The coins in this group grade from Very Good to Very Fine or better.

    Hadrian (117-138 AD): 1*, distyle temple with the Capitoline Triad (Jupiter, Minerva, and Juno); 2*, Hadrian as founder plowing with bull and cow, legionary vexillum behind; 3*, legionary eagle on shaft; 4, boar; 5, galley; 7, Sabina bust; 8*, Aelius bust; 9* Antoninus Pius bust. Antoninus Pius (138-161 AD): 11*, hexastyle temple with Tyche-Astarte; 12, Marcus Aurelius bust; 13, Sarapis bust; 14*, Dionysos and panther; 15, she-wolf suckles twins; 16, she-wolf suckles twins on platform; 18, tetrastyle temple with Tyche; 19*, tetrastyle temple with Tyche; 20, tetrastyle temple with Tyche; 21, Tyche bust; 21, second example; 21, third example; 22, Dioscuri with eagle between; 23*, Dioscuri; 24*, Dionysos and panther; 25, Ares with spear and shield; 26*, Faustina Sr. bust; 27*, Faustina Sr. (as Diva) bust; 28, Sarapis bust; 29, 3 female figures; 30*, boar; 31*, war galley; 32*, war galley; 33*, dolphin; 34, legionary eagle; 36, Victory; 37a*, Marcus Aurelius bust; 38* Marcus Aurelius bust; 39, Faustina Jr. bust. Marcus Aurelius (161-180 AD): 43, she-wolf suckles; 45*, Sarapis seated on throne, Cerberus at feet; 46, trophy of arms; 47, Tyche; 47, similar example. Marcus Aurelius & Lucius Verus (161-169 AD) (all obverses with confronted busts): 52, tetrastyle temple with Tyche; 52a*, same but cut in half; 53*, tetrastyle temple with Tyche; 54, Victory with palm branch; 54a*, similar example; 55, Tyche seated on throne; 56, Sarapis bust. Marcus Aurelius & Commodus (161-180 AD): 57*, confronted busts obverse / Sarapis bust; 59, Commodus bust; 60, Commodus on horseback. Lucius Verus (161-169 AD): 61, she-wolf suckles twins; 62a, Sarapis on throne; 63, Faustina Jr. bust; 64*, Faustina Jr. bust; 64a, Faustina Jr. bust; 65* Lucilla bust; 65a*, incused obverse on reverse. Commodus (180-192 AD): 66, Tyche bust; 67, Crispina and Lucilla clasp hands; 68*, Tyche; 69, Tyche; 70*, Dionysos and panther; 70, second example; 71, Sarapis bust; 71a, Sarapis bust; 72, tetrastyle temple with Tyche; 73, Sarapis; 73a*, Sarapis; 74, Crispina bust; 76*, Victory advancing r. Septimius Severus (193-211 AD): 78*, tetrastyle temple with Tyche and two figures; 80* Caracalla and Geta clasp hands. Septimius Severus & Julia Domna: 81a* Jugate busts obverse / Caracalla and Geta, togated, clasp hands. Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus: 82, Tyche on throne; 83, Nemesis stands l. Geta (209-211 AD): 84*, Dionysos and panther; 85, Dionysos and panther. Caracalla (211-217 AD): 86, tetrastyle temple with Tyche; 86a*, similar type; 86b* similar type; 95* (billon silver tetradrachm), eagle on thrysos with leaf between legs. Macrinus (218 AD): 96 (billon silver tetradrachm), eagle on thrysos with wine jar between legs; 102a*, tetrastyle temple with Tyche and two victories; 102b*, another example; 103, Tyche standing left; 104* Sarapis bust r. Diadumenian (217-218 AD): 99* (billon silver tetradrachm), eagle on thrysos with wine jar between legs; 106*, tetrastyle temple with Tyche and two victories; 106b*, similar example; 108*, Sarapis with scepter. Elagabalus (218-222 AD): 111*, founder plows r. with cow and bull; 113*, founder plows l. with cow and bull; 114*, she-wolf suckles twins; 115*, she-wolf suckles twins; 116*, she-wolf suckles twins; 117*, she-wolf suckles twins; 120, she-wolf suckles twins; 120a*, she-wolf suckles twins; 121*, she-wolf suckles twins; 122, Tyche crowned by victory; 123, Tyche bust; 123a*, Tyche bust; 124, Tyche bust; 125, tetrastyle temple with Tyche and two Victories; 125a, similar example; 126*, tetrastyle temple with Tyche and two Victories; 126a, similar example; 127*, Dioscuri riding horses; 128*, Emperor on horseback; 128a*, similar example; 129, Tyche stands at altar, legionary eagle; 129c*, similar example; 129d*, similar example; 129e, similar example; 130, Tyche stands at altar, column behind her, legionary eagle; 131*, Tyche stands between two legionary standards one topped by eagle, the other a boar; 133, sacred stone with eagle in relief carried by quadriga; 133a*, similar example; 133a, similar example; 133c*, similar example; 134, Sarapis bust; 135, Sarapis bust; 136, Sarapis bust; 137, Tyche seated on throne. Elagabalus & Severus Alexander (221-222 AD) (jugate busts obverse): 139*, Severus Alexander young bust; 140*, Emperor on horseback; 140, similar example; 140a*, similar example; 141*, Elagabalus and Severus Alexander clasp hands; 141, similar example; 142*, Tyche stands at altar, legionary eagle on standard; 142a*, similar example; 143, sacred stone with eagle in relief carried by quadriga; 143, similar example. Aquilia Severa, second and fourth wife Elagabalus (220-222 AD): 145, Tyche bust. Severus Alexander (222-235 AD): 148*, Tyche seated on throne; 148b, similar example; 149, similar example; 150, Tyche stands at altar, legionary eagle on standard; 151, Sarapis bust. Trajan Decius (249-251 AD): 152, Tyche stands at altar, legionary eagle on standard, Victory on column behind her; 153, Tyche stands at altar, legionary eagle on small bust in her hand, Victory on column behind her; 153b*, similar example; 155, Tyche seated on throne; 156, Herennius Etruscus and Hostilian clasp hands; 157*, city name in wreath; 158*, Tyche bust (it appears that a small pit on reverse right has been filled since photographed for Meshorer book). Herennia Etruscilla (249-251 AD): 163*, Herennius Etruscus and Hostilian (or Trajan Decius and H. Etruscus) clasp hands; 164*, city name in wreath; 165, Tyche bust. Herennius Etruscus (250-251 AD): 166*, Tyche stands at altar, legionary eagle on small bust in her hand, Victory on column behind her; 167* Sarapis bust; 168a*, she wolf suckles twins, legionary eagle above; 169*, boar with legionary eagle and vexillum with LXF above; 170*, Legionary eagle on base, topped by vexillum; 171, Zeus (?) stands, holding small bust and scepter; 172*, Tyche bust. Herennius Etruscus and Hostilian (251 AD) (jugate busts on obverse): 176, Tyche bust. Hostilian (251 AD): 179, Tyche stands at altar, legionary eagle on small bust in her hand, Victory on column behind her; 179, similar example; 180*, she-wolf suckles twins; 181, she-wolf suckles twins with legionary eagle above.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    March, 2012
    8th-9th Thursday-Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
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