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    Description

    1794 S-17a Large Cent, VF25
    Head of 1793, Edge of 1793
    Sixth Finest Known

    1794 1C Head of 1793, Edge of 1793, S-17a, B-1a, Low R.5, Fine 15 Bland; Fine 12 Noyes; VF25 PCGS Secure. Like most S-17a cents, this piece displays variegated olive, chestnut, steel, and maroon coloration, likely from the last of the Ferdinand Gourdon copper purchase used in the previous year. Gourdon was a merchant located at 64 Mulberry Street in 1794. Slight porosity is seen on the obverse, and there is evidence of light planchet flaking as well. There are several small edge nicks, most of which are on the obverse at 2, 3, and 5 o'clock. Despite the trivial irregularities, this exceptional coin boasts strong eye appeal.

    Variety Equivalents:
    Maris 4, Frossard 3, Doughty 22, Hays 4, Chapman 4.

    Obverse 1:
    Wide, Straight Date. The obverse is found on Sheldon 17a and NC-4, the two edge variations of the 1-A die pair. The wide date is straight rather than curved as on most 1794 obverse dies. The B in LIBERTY is slightly low in relation to the adjacent letters. The head appears in high, rounded relief.

    Reverse A:
    Blundered N in CENT. The reverse is common to S-17a, NC-4, S-18a, and S-18b. The N in CENT was inverted and then corrected, showing an extra serif at the lower right. The left branch has 14 leaves and eight berries, and the right branch has 18 leaves and seven berries. The lowest leaf pair on the left has a long stem that appears to cross the branch and join the top of the right ribbon above the knot.

    Edge:
    The Edge of 1793 has the leaf following DOLLAR pointing or curved down in relation to the letters.

    Die State III:
    The obverse has an obvious die crack from the rim to the pole, and a bulge through the L to the top of the head, with a faint crack along the bulge. Extremely rare later die states have the cracks joined to bisect the obverse die.

    Rarity and Census:
    Possibly 70 examples of the variety are known, with only about two dozen that grade better than Good. This example is ranked sixth finest in Del Bland's Condition Census of the 1794 cents that is available at Al Boka's website, www.1794largecents.com http://www.1794largecents.com . Bill Noyes also rates this piece as sixth finest in his census. With the finest known in the ANS collection, the Boka specimen is the fifth finest available to collectors, and all of the finer pieces are in well-established collections.

    Commentary:
    Maris called this the "Tilted 4" variety, but Sheldon thought a better description would be the "Wide Straight Date." Dr. Edward Maris published a monograph on the 1794 cents in 1869, with a second edition in 1870. In these references, he provided fanciful names for each of the varieties that he described. This is one of the most popular and easy to recognize of all 1794s and it is also one of the most difficult to locate problem-free. The obverse and reverse are plated in Bill Noyes' United States Large Cents 1793-1794 that was published in 2006.

    Boka Commentary:
    A perfect way to start the day; a nifty "Tilted 4" variety with a respectable pedigree and the fifth finest available to collectors.

    Biography:
    Bruno H. Crossfield was born in Minnesota on July 12, 1891, and died at San Francisco in February 1962. He spent most of his life in San Francisco where he was a laborer, and later a coin dealer. Crossfield and Alfred Sewell presented a talk on 1794 large cents at the January 1944 meeting of the Pacific Coast Numismatic Society. A report of that meeting notes that they displayed "41 of the 100 known varieties." Crossfield was killed in early February 1962, and his body was found in the living quarters of his coin shop, according to an article in the February 8, 1962 issue of San Rafael's Daily Independent Journal.

    Provenance:
    Bruno Crossfield (12/1956); Willard C. Blaisdell (12/15/1975); R.E. Naftzger, Jr. (7/1978); Denis W. Loring (9/1978); Robinson S. Brown, Jr. (Superior, 9/1986), lot 23; Darwin B. Palmer, Jr.; Dr. George E. Ewing, Jr.; Wes A. Rasmussen (Heritage Auctions, 1/2005), lot 3020; Jon Alan Boka.
    From The Jon Alan Boka Collection of 1794 Large Cents.

    Coin Index Numbers: (NGC ID# 223N, Variety PCGS# 35504, Base PCGS# 1362)

    Weight: 13.48 grams

    Metal: 100% Copper


    View all of [The Jon Alan Boka Collection of 1794 Large Cents ]

    View Certification Details from PCGS

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    September, 2016
    7th-11th Wednesday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 20
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 1,274

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    17.5% of the successful bid (minimum $19) per lot.

    Rasmussen Special Edition Catalog
    This hard bound volume contains the magnificent Wes Rasmussen Large Cent Collection, formed by a former President of the Early American Coppers society which was auctioned at the 2005 Florida United Numismatic Auction. Reserve your copy of this remarkable volume for just $75 today.
    Rasmussen Signed Limited Edition Catalog
    A hard bound limited library edition of the Wes Rasmussen Collection Catalog, signed by Wes Rasmussen, Mark Borckardt, Greg Rohan, and Denis Loring, is available while supplies last. Only 100 produced. Reserve your copy of this remarkable limited edition signed volume for just $150 today.
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