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    Description

    1794 S-18b Large Cent, AU58+
    Head of 1793, Edge of 1794
    Condition Census Example

    1794 1C Head of 1793, Edge of 1794, S-18b, B-2b, R.4, AU50 Bland, AU50 Noyes; AU58+ PCGS Secure. Lovely olive-brown and golden-tan surfaces are smooth and glossy, retaining traces of cartwheel luster. Most of the myriad marks are trivial planchet marks that did not strike out. The strike is nicely centered and the design definition is remarkable for any Head of '93 cent.

    Variety Equivalents:
    Maris 52, Frossard 2.2, Doughty 20, 65, Hays 3, Chapman 3.

    Obverse 2:
    Curved Date, Double Chin. The obverse is found on S-18a, S-18b, S-19a, and S-19b. This die was polished before its first use. The shoulder loop is missing and the lower edge of the cap is broken. Liberty's hair locks are shallow and pointed.

    Reverse A:
    Blundered N in CENT. The reverse is common to S-17a, NC-4, S-18a, and S-18b. The N in CENT was inverted and then corrected, showing an extra serif at the lower right. The left branch has 14 leaves and eight berries, and the right branch has 18 leaves and seven berries. The lowest leaf pair on the left has a long stem that appears to cross the branch and join the top of the right ribbon above the knot.

    Edge:
    The Edge of 1794 has the leaf following DOLLAR pointing or curved up in relation to the letters.

    Die State III:
    Prominent clash marks are visible inside the left branch of the wreath. The right ribbon is fragmented from die lapping that also affected a few of the leaves in the right branch.

    Rarity and Census:
    This lovely example is tied for sixth finest known in Del Bland's Condition Census, and holds the fifth spot in the Noyes census.

    Commentary:
    Following the inadequate copper supply used in 1793 and early in 1794, plate copper was received from the London firm of Taylor and Bailey. These copper plates were apparently the exact thickness necessary to punch planchets without rolling the metal, saving considerable wear and tear on the Mint's rollers that were in disrepair. The Taylor and Bailey copper was much higher quality than previous copper sources, resulting in much higher quality cents, as this example illustrates. The London firm provided 22,908 pounds of copper in November 1793, 7,229 pounds in December 1793, and 4,437 pounds in June 1794. Those three shipments provided enough copper to strike 1.16 million large cents.

    Boka Commentary:
    This was my first "Head of 1793" and was part of a deal with Denis Loring which included the Halpern S-20 referred to on the S-20 page as well as the S19b in this sale. This coin so captured my heart that I commissioned an oil painting of it.

    Biography:
    A self-educated DeSoto, Missouri native born in 1885, Burdette G. Johnson allegedly read a book every day from the time he learned to read. Johnson was proprietor of the St. Louis Stamp and Coin Company. He and a business partner, David Sutherland, purchased the firm from F.E. Ellis in July 1907. Johnson bought out his partner a year later, becoming the sole proprietor. He conducted several coin auctions in the earlier years through 1915, continuing the series that was started by his predecessor in 1902. Johnson, who was a mentor to Eric P. Newman, died while riding a street car in 1947.

    Provenance:
    Virgil M. Brand; B.G. Johnson (St. Louis Stamp & Coin Co., 8/1945); James Kelly; Dr. William H. Sheldon; Sheraton Coin Co.; 1947 ANA (Numismatic Gallery, 8/1947), lot 779; Edward L. Urban; Lester Merkin (6/15/1977); Andrew M. Hain; Dennis E. Steinmetz; 1980 ANA (Steve Ivy Numismatic Auctions, 8/1980), lot 939; Anthony Terranova; Herman Halpern (Stack's, 3/1988), lot 18; John M. Foreman, Sr.; Kenneth M. Goldman (6/1991); John B. MacDonald; Denis W. Loring (4/13/2001); Jon Alan Boka.
    From The Jon Alan Boka Collection of 1794 Large Cents.

    Coin Index Numbers: (NGC ID# 223N, Variety PCGS# 35513, Base PCGS# 1362)

    Weight: 13.48 grams

    Metal: 100% Copper


    Learn more at the Newman Numismatic Portal at Washington University in St. Louis.

    View all of [The Jon Alan Boka Collection of 1794 Large Cents ]

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    September, 2016
    7th-11th Wednesday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 24
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 2,310

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    17.5% of the successful bid (minimum $19) per lot.

    Rasmussen Special Edition Catalog
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    Rasmussen Signed Limited Edition Catalog
    A hard bound limited library edition of the Wes Rasmussen Collection Catalog, signed by Wes Rasmussen, Mark Borckardt, Greg Rohan, and Denis Loring, is available while supplies last. Only 100 produced. Reserve your copy of this remarkable limited edition signed volume for just $150 today.
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