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    Description

    1794 S-26 Head of 1794 Cent, AU55
    Frossard-Hays Plate Coin
    Spectacular Reverse Die State

    1794 1C Head of 1794, S-26, B-16, R.2, XF45 Bland, XF45 Noyes; AU55 PCGS Secure. Medium brown surfaces with a faint scratch above Liberty's hair to the top of the cap. Both a sides show a few scattered marks. Overall nice quality and close to the condition census. John Adams once suggested that the quality of this coin "sneaks up on you." The H and final D of HUNDRED are filled with yellow ink on this Downing-pedigreed piece.

    Variety Equivalents:
    Maris 15, Frossard 10.1, Doughty 35, Hays 21, Chapman 18.

    Obverse 8:
    Periods at LI, Distant 79. The date is quite widely spaced with noticeable separation between the 7 and 9. The 9 appears to lean sharply to the left. There are two small "periods" at the base of the L and I in LIBERTY that are unique to obverse. The obverse die is found on S-25, S-26, NC-8, and NC-11.

    Reverse F:
    Hooked O in OF. All die states, including the perfect state, who the small die flaw through the left side of the O in OF. Once the die cracks of later states appear, this reverse die is unmistakable. The reverse is only found on S-26.

    Die State VII:
    The reverse was clearly used beyond its useful state, judging from the heavy cracks and extensive clash marks. A crack developed from the rim to the left top leaf through the E in STATES, followed by a crack through the first S in STATES to the wreath, and the C in CENT. Several sets of clash marks are seen throughout the reverse, especially above the second crack to the upper right part of the die.

    Rarity and Census:
    Del Bland considers this piece tied for the 12th finest known, and one of the 10 finest in collector's hands with two of the better pieces housed in the ANS Collection. Bill Noyes grades this piece the same as Bland, but records it as the 10th finest in his roster.

    Commentary:
    This is the reincarnation of Obverse 8 that appeared in an early state on NC-8 and S-25, and appears hear and on NC-11 in its later die state with the obverse drastically lapped, removing large portions of the lower hair detail. The obverse and reverse are illustrated in Frossard-Hays, and in Al Boka's Provenance Gallery.

    Boka Commentary:
    This "Separated Date" shared an early cabinet with the Hays' S-25 in the previous lot. Nice to get them together after all these years. Maybe they should remain paired?

    Biography:
    Charles Gordon Zug of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania died in August 1908 at the young age of 36, reportedly succumbing to heart failure from "over-exertion through excessive bicycle riding while a lad." He purchased the Hays Collection of 1794 cents from Charles Steigerwalt in 1906, and consigned the collection to Lyman Low's March 1907 sale. S.H. Chapman handled his collection of gold coins in October 1909. He should not be confused with long-time coin dealer John Zug.

    Provenance:
    William W. Hays (1900); Charles Steigerwalt (1906); Charles G. Zug (Lyman H. Low, 3/1907), lot 21; Virgil M. Brand; B.G. Johnson; Homer K. Downing (New Netherlands Coin Co.#38, 1952 ANA), lot 1662; M.L. Kaplan; Robert J. Kissner (Stack's, 6/1975), lot 230; John W. Adams (Bowers and Ruddy Galleries, FPL 1982), lot 20; Denis W. Loring (5/7/1983); Jack H. Robinson (Superior Galleries, 1/1989), lot 43; Wes A. Rasmussen (Heritage Auctions, 1/2005), lot 3032; Jon Alan Boka.
    From The Jon Alan Boka Collection of 1794 Large Cents.

    Coin Index Numbers: (NGC ID# 223P, Variety PCGS# 35543, Base PCGS# 901374)

    Weight: 13.48 grams

    Metal: 100% Copper


    View all of [The Jon Alan Boka Collection of 1794 Large Cents ]

    View Certification Details from PCGS

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    September, 2016
    7th-11th Wednesday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 18
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 768

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    17.5% of the successful bid (minimum $19) per lot.

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