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    1794 S-31, B-13 Cent, MS66 Brown
    Impressive Head of 1794 Variety
    High in the Condition Census

    1794 1C Head of 1794, S-31, B-13, R.1, MS66 Brown PCGS. CAC. Ex: Halpern-Naftzger. Known as the First Marred Field, the obverse die is immediately recognized by the die chips in the field left of Liberty's hair. A doubled hair curl behind Liberty's shoulder is also diagnostic for this obverse that appears with two different reverse dies, identified as S-30 and S-31. The reverse has an extremely long fraction bar with short ribbons and stems, differentiating S-31 from S-30 that has a long right ribbon and long branch stems. During the 1790s, dies were hand engraved, yielding differences that are carefully noted in today's variety guides. The year 1794, perhaps the most popular single year in large cent collecting, featuring 65 die pairs and four sub-varieties, enough to keep even the most dedicated collector busy for a lifetime.

    The Second Marred Field notation is assigned to the obverse that appears as S-38, S-39, S-40, and NC-2. The field chips are heavier, and the doubled low curl is a single curl. There are differing opinions regarding these varieties. Some students believe that a single physical die was reworked before its appearance with the later four varieties. Others believe that two different dies had nearly identical die chips.

    This beautiful Premium Gem Mint State piece has traces of faded mint red on both sides with smooth olive-brown surfaces and hints of navy-blue overtones. A minuscule raised spot is evident at the 7 in the date, a few trivial marks are noted behind the cap and elsewhere on the obverse, and the reverse is virtually flawless. This is an extremely attractive cent that is destined for a high-quality variety cabinet, a date set, or a type collection. Today's Set Registry collectors will gain many points with the inclusion of this coin. The late Del Bland assigned a conservative grade of MS61 to this piece, and recorded it at the top of his Condition Census published in Breen's Large Cent Encyclopedia. Bill Noyes grades the coin MS63 and ranks it as the third finest known. While we agree with Noyes, we have trouble envisioning any that are finer. Our EAC grade MS63.
    Ex: Lester Merkin (6/1971), lot 546; Dr. James E. Dice (Stack's, 3/1986), lot 836; Herman Halpern (Stack's, 3/1988), lot 43; Anthony J. Terranova; R.E. Naftzger, Jr. (2/23/1992); Denis W. Loring; Anthony J. Terranova; Martin Logies (Stack's Bowers, 1/2013), lot 13111, not sold; Stack's Bowers (3/2014), lot 4008.

    Coin Index Numbers: (NGC ID# 223P, Variety PCGS# 35558, Base PCGS# 901374)

    Weight: 13.48 grams

    Metal: 100% Copper

    Learn more at the Newman Numismatic Portal at Washington University in St. Louis.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    April, 2020
    23rd-26th Thursday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 33
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 1,905

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    20% of the successful bid (minimum $19) per lot.

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