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    1794 S-66 Split Pole Cent, VF30
    The Finest Known
    Chapman and Sheldon Plate Coin

    1794 1C Head of 1794, S-66, B-58, R.5, VF25 Bland, VF25 Noyes; VF30 PCGS Secure. The olive-brown surfaces of this glossy cent exhibit chocolate, chestnut, and maroon toning on both sides. The surfaces are smooth and attractive, aside from fine roughness at the upper obverse. A trivial rim nick left of the fraction is covered by the PCGS holder.

    Variety Equivalents: Maris 31, Frossard 26, Doughty 51, Hays 44, Chapman 52.

    Obverse 33: Wide Date. The "Split Pole." This obverse has the widest date of any 1794, and the 1 is closer to the curl point than the 7. Although perfect die state pieces exist, the obverse is usually recognized by the die crack that splits the pole. The obverse is found only on S-66.

    Reverse II: Double Leaves at O in OF, and at D. There is a double leaf below OF, where a triple leaf is normal. The two leaves lie parallel and the outer leaf is narrow. There is also a double leaf at D, to distinguish this die from the other die with two leaves below OF (S-70, 71). The reverse is found on S-66, S-67, S-68, and S-69.

    Die State III: A crack from the rim extends into the space between the bust tip and the pole, eventually following the pole for its entire length, and then crosses the neck. A second obverse crack traverses the field over the date and crosses the lowest hair lock. A third obverse crack from the brow curves down in the right obverse field, disappearing before it reaches the border opposite the chin.

    Rarity and Census: Del Bland grades this piece VF25 and finest known, just ahead of a VF20 example in the ANS Collection. Behind these are four pieces that grade Fine. Bill Noyes records this piece in a first place tie with the ANS coin, grading both VF25.

    Commentary: The obverse is illustrated in Sheldon's Early American Cents and Penny Whimsy. The obverse and reverse are illustrated in Chapman, Noyes, and Al Boka's Provenance Gallery.

    Boka Commentary: The bidding will go high on this finest of all "Split Pole" 1794s. There are none even close to this well-pedigreed gem. Be ready for some real action when this lot comes up.

    Biography: Ebenezer Gilbert (1835-1922) was an avid collector and researcher with an interest in all copper coins. He wrote Varieties of the United States Cents of 1796 with Thomas Elder, and also wrote a variety reference on half cents that was the standard for the field until Roger Cohen's work came out in 1971. The Gilbert Collection was sold by Thomas Elder in October 1910.

    Provenance: From "Old Virginia;" Lyman H. Low (3/1914), lot 157; Ebenezer Gilbert; Dr. George P. French (B. Max Mehl, 1929 FPL), lot 71; T. James Clarke (1944); B. Max Mehl (1944); Dr. William H. Sheldon (4/19/1972); R.E. Naftzger, Jr. (2/23/1992); Eric Streiner (4/4/1992); Dr. Allen Bennett (1/2000); Walter J. Husak (Heritage Auctions, 2/2008), lot 2068; Daniel W. Holmes, Jr. (Goldberg Coins, 9/2009), lot 108; Paul Gerrie (Goldberg Coins, 2/2013), lot 39; Jon Alan Boka.
    From The Jon Alan Boka Collection of 1794 Large Cents.

    Coin Index Numbers: (NGC ID# 223P, Variety PCGS# 35657, Base PCGS# 901374)

    Weight: 13.48 grams

    Metal: 100% Copper

    View all of [The Jon Alan Boka Collection of 1794 Large Cents ]

    View Certification Details from PCGS

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    September, 2016
    7th-11th Wednesday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 15
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 704

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    17.5% of the successful bid (minimum $19) per lot.

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