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    1794 S-72 Head of 1795 Cent, AU Details
    Tied for Sixth Finest Known
    Frossard-Hays Plate Coin
    Chapman Plate Coin

    1794 1C Head of 1795, S-72, B-65, R.2, XF40 Bland, VF35 Noyes; AU Details - Environmental Damage -- Genuine PCGS Secure. Both sides of this sharply details Head of 1795 exhibit areas of corrosion, the reverse in the form of raised verdigris. A vertical mark resides at the back of the neck just below the ear. The edge is marked "39" in two places.

    Variety Equivalents: Maris 39, Frossard 27, Doughty 59, Hays 56, Chapman 59.

    Obverse 39: Wide Date, Pointed Low Lock. This is the Exact Head of 1795. There are five hair locks, and the lowest lock points down without forming a curl or looping back toward the date. The only other dies with a similar treatment of the lowest curl are the Short Bust obverses, die 19 of S-43, 44, NC-5, and NC-10, and die 21 of S-47, 48, 49, and NC-9. Neither of those other obverse dies have a shoulder loop. The obverse is found only on S-72.

    Reverse KK: Bent Leaves Over NE. Two narrow leaves over the E of ONE are narrow and bent, or curved. The reverse is found on S-72 and NC-3.

    Die State III: An obverse die crack crosses the top of the Y, base of the T, the base of the forelock, the upper hair strands, and the cap. A small lump develops below the T. The reverse is cracked through the D to the wreath. The obverse shows heavy clash marks.

    Rarity and Census: Del Bland records a Mint State coin in the ANS Collection, and a single AU example. Three XF45 coins are next. The Boka specimen is tied with several others for sixth finest in Bland's census. This piece is tied for 12th finest known in Bill Noyes' census.

    Commentary: This is the coin that started Al Boka's pursuit of 1794 large cents in a serious way, although he had 10 pieces from the present collection when this coin was acquired. He acquired three more through the end of 2004, then greatly expanded his collection with the purchase of 16 varieties in 2005. Four more varieties were added in 2006 and 2007. Then, with the Husak and Holmes sales of 2008 and 2009, Al Boka acquired another dozen pieces for his 1794 collection. The final dozen pieces were acquired from 2011 through January 2014. The obverse and reverse are illustrated in Frossard-Hays, Elder-Gilbert, Chapman, and Al Boka's Provenance Gallery.

    Boka Commentary: In 2003, as I was getting more serious about 1794s, I noticed this S-72 in the Heritage Galleries catalog of a sale to be held 9/18/2003. There was no mention of past ownership. I liked the coin and needed an "Exact Head of 1795." I enlisted Walter J. Husak to bid and obtain the coin for me. Once received, I sought past history of the coin by sending images of the coin to my good friend Del Bland. He immediately identified it as the Maris coin which has an extensive pedigree as evidenced. This occurrence is what lit the flames of "pedigree passion" which was responsible for my 2005 book Provenance Gallery of the Year 1794 United States Large Cents.

    Biography: William Wallace Hays was a 19th century collector of coins, stamps, autographs, and old china. He was born on June 7, 1821, in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania and died there on July 9, 1899. Hays was employed by the Pension Office in Washington, D.C. His reference on 1794 large cents, Varieties of United States Cents of the Year 1794, was published in 1893. Co-authored by Ed. Frossard, it became the standard reference for many years, quickly replacing the Maris reference on 1794 cents and Frossard's 1879 Monograph on the early coppers. Hays collected 1794 cents and marked the edges of each with Maris numbers in white ink.

    Provenance: Dr. Edward Maris; William W. Hays (1900); Charles Steigerwalt (1906); Charles G. Zug (Lyman H. Low, 3/1907), lot 56; H.O. Granberg; William H. Woodin (United States Coin Co., 5/1915), lot 143a; Dr. George P. French (B. Max Mehl, 1929 FPL), lot 83; T. James Clarke (1944); Dr. William H. Sheldon; C. Douglas Smith (1965); Alfred Bonard (Numismatic Enterprises, 2/1968), lot 37; R.E. Naftzger, Jr.(3/7/1973); John W. Adams (Bowers and Ruddy Galleries, FPL 1982), lot 75; unknown; Bowers and Merena, 6/1989), lot 12; Dr. Robert J. Bye (Stack's, 5/1997), lot 382; unknown; Heritage Auctions, 9/2003), lot 5275; Walter J. Husak (9/24/2003); Jon Alan Boka.

    Additional Obverse and Reverse Dies:

    There are six additional dies that are not described in the Boka listings, and all are found only on Non-Collectible (NC) varieties.

    Obverse 38: Crowded Date. The bust crowds the date into the border. The 1 and 4 nearly touch the device, and the 7 nearly touches the border. Five prominent hair locks, and the upper four are vertically aligned. This obverse is found on NC-3.

    Reverse P: Sprawled Ribbons. The ribbon ends are extremely widely spaced, similar to S-39 but no others. Both leaves below the T of CENT point right of that letter, unlike S-39. This reverse is found on NC-2.

    Reverse LL: One Outside Berry Left. There is only one outside berry in the left branch of the wreath, below the right edge of the D. This reverse is found on NC-6.

    Reverse MM: Four Berries Below R. There is a group of four berries below the R, two inside and two outside the branch. The top outside berry is more of a protrusion or lump on the stem than an actual berry, but the feature is diagnostic. This reverse is found on NC-8.

    Reverse NN: Bisecting Crack. A die crack begins at the lower border and extends to the ribbon and bow, touching the left side of the second 0 in 100. The crack eventually reaches the upper border between the S and O, and becomes heavy. This reverse is found on NC-9.

    Reverse OO: Stemless Leaves. The outside leaf pair below ME in AMERICA is stemless and appears to grow out of the berry below the R. This reverse is found on NC-10.

    From The Jon Alan Boka Collection of 1794 Large Cents.

    View all of [The Jon Alan Boka Collection of 1794 Large Cents ]

    View Certification Details from PCGS

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    September, 2016
    7th-11th Wednesday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 34
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 909

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
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