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    1860 Twenty Dollar Pattern, PR62
    Extremely Rare Judd-273
    Copper, Gilt

    1860 P$20 Twenty Dollar, Judd-273, Pollock-322, R.8, PR62 Gilt NGC. The extremely rare Judd-273 features the regular die used for coinage of double eagles in 1860 on the obverse, combined with the reverse die used on the famous 1861 Paquet double eagle from the Philadelphia Mint (the reverse used on the S-mint Paquet double eagle is subtly different from the ultra-rare P-mint issue). The letters in the legend are taller and thinner on this die than on the regular-issue double eagle reverse and the rim is much thinner. Struck in copper with a reeded edge and gilt.

    Only three examples of Judd-273 have been traced, including two copper specimens and the present coin, which was plated with a thin layer of gold early in its history, possibly before it left the Mint. This coin first appeared in lot 110 of the George D. Woodside Collection (New York Coin & Stamp, 4/1892), where it was described as:

    "1860 Double Eagle: regular Obv. R same as on lot 91. Copper, gilt: uncirc.; rare."

    Lot 91 was an 1859 pattern double eagle with the Paquet reverse, Judd-260. This coin was later a highlight of several great pattern collections, such as those of William Woodin and King Farouk (see roster below).

    The present coin is an attractive PR62 specimen, with razor-sharp definition on all design elements and pleasing orange-gold surfaces that show the minimum number of minor contact marks for the grade. The luster is slightly flat, as usually seen on gilt specimens. A few microscopic specks of copper show on the obverse, where the gold plating wore through.

    Roster of Judd-273, Pollock-322 Specimens
    This roster was expanded from an earlier roster on
    1. PR65 Red and Brown PCGS. Hopkins, Harrison and Others Collections (S.H. & H. Chapman, 7/1901), lot 193; Virgil Brand (Journal #22096); Dr. J. Hewitt Judd; Abe Kosoff; Illustrated History of United States Coins (Abe Kosoff, 1962), lot 250; Harry X Boosel; Central States Numismatic Society Convention Auction (RARCOA, 4/1972), lot 1021; 18th FUN Convention Auction (RARCOA, 1/1973), lot 555; Auction '82 (Paramount, 8/1982), lot 1813; Moreira Collection, Part III (Superior, 1/1989), lot 4021; Jascha Heifetz Collection (Superior, 10/1989), lot 3390; Auction '90 (Superior, 8/1990), lot 1467; May Auction (Superior, 5/1994), lot 1217; Anaheim Auction (Bowers and Merena, 5/2006), lot 1423.
    2. PR62 Gilt NGC. George D. Woodside Collection (New York Coin & Stamp, 4/1892), lot 110; William H. Woodin, exhibited at the 1914 ANS Exhibition; Waldo Newcomer; King Farouk; Palace Collections of Egypt (Sotheby's, 2/1954), part of lot 1773, mistakenly described as regular dies, copper gilt, A.W. 230A; 1979 ANA Convention Auction (NERCA, 7/1979), lot 1312; Philip Warner Sale (Robert L. Hughes, 1/1980), lot 71. The present coin.
    3. Proof. Coins and Medals Sale (S.H. & H. Chapman, 12/1895), part of lot 711; Henry Metzger Collection (Henry Chapman, 2/1909), lot 124; Captain Andrew Zabriskie Collection (Henry Chapman, 6/1909), lot 254; James W. Ellsworth; Wayte Raymond in 1923; Lohr FPL (Empire Coin Company, 1961).

    Additional Appearances
    A. Extremely Fine. In addition to the gilt specimen of Judd-273, one of the copper pieces (either 1 or 3 above) was owned by King Farouk and offered in lot 1768 of the Palace Collections of Egypt (Sotheby's, 2/1954).
    B. Abe Kosoff reported one of the copper pieces was sold privately in 1974 for $25,000.

    Coin Index Numbers: (PCGS# 12086)

    View Certification Details from NGC

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    August, 2018
    14th-19th Tuesday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 20
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 636

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