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    Unique 1863 Pattern Eagle in Gold, Judd-351

    1863 $10 Ten Dollar, Judd-351, Pollock-423, Unique, PR63 PCGS. From 1861 through 1863, the United States Mint issued a series of pattern Ten Dollar gold coins, each from a regular Liberty Head obverse die in use at the time, and a reverse die of the regular design, slightly modified with the addition of a motto over the eagle. These had the little known GOD OUR TRUST motto, either in plain letters in the field, or on a scroll. Two different designs were produced each year for a total of six pieces in the collection. Only those with the 1863 date are known in gold, and just one is known of each type. About two dozen pieces are known today of this design that were struck in copper or bronze.
    This is a unique pattern, and there has never been a hint of a second piece. It is struck in gold with a reeded edge. This is an extremely important part of the pattern series, and perhaps as important as the appearance of this pattern at auction is its historic pedigree. The lucky purchaser of this coin will be able to add his or her name to a list that includes such collectors or collections as Col. Mendes I. Cohen, Hon. Heman Ely; the Garrett Family, and the Johns Hopkins University. The last time that this pattern traded at public auction was its appearance in the Garrett Collection sale of March 1980. Before that, it appeared for public auction sale only two other times, in W. Elliot Woodward's 69th sale, which took place in January 1884, and before that in Edward Cogan's sale of the Col. Cohen Collection in October 1875. This is only the fourth time this unique pattern issue has appeared for sale in the past 129 years!
    With few exceptions, patterns struck in gold are among the rarest of the rare. Of all 19th century gold patterns struck in gold, the series of Four Dollar Gold Stellas are among the most plentiful. Nearly all of these patterns have populations under half a dozen coins and many are unique. Quite a few of these are in institutional collections including the Smithsonian Institution, the American Numismatic Association, and the American Numismatic Society.
    This pattern first appeared in the Mendes I. Cohen Sale in 1875. That was ten years before Robert Coulton Davis published the first comprehensive listing of patterns in the Coin Collector's Journal. Somehow Davis missed the appearance of this pattern in the Cohen Sale and, of course, there were no others, and as a result his listing did not include this piece although he did list the bronzed copper pieces.
    The coin itself has full mirrored fields on each side. The appearance of the fields is quite unlike a gilt coin, and it is similar in appearance to regular issue proof gold coins from this era. Each side is lightly hairlined, as one would expect. There is a slight satiny texture to the devices and, of course, the design elements are completely brought up on each side. The two most distinguishing pedigree identifiers are a short mark in the left obverse field by star 3, and on the reverse there is a small planchet flake in the field next to the junction of the base of the eagle's neck and right (facing) wing. This unique piece was photographed and included in David Akers' United States Gold Patterns," (which by the way, is a must-have for any serious pattern collector) even though it was a part of the Garrett Collection at the time and Dr. Wilkison never owned it.
    Very few opportunities such as this present themselves to advanced numismatists. This lot is accompanied by a black plastic Capital holder where the piece resided for a generation. The holder is inscribed, "The Garrett Collection, Lot 1089, Bowers & Ruddy Galleries, Inc."
    Ex: Colonel Mendes I. Cohen (Edward Cogan, 10/1875); Heman Ely (W. Elliot Woodward 1/1884); Woodward's 69th Sale (10/1884); T. Harrison Garrett /Johns Hopkins University (Bowers and Ruddy, 3/1980), lot 1089. (#60513)

    Coin Index Numbers: (PCGS# 60513)

    View Certification Details from PCGS

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    January, 2005
    12th-15th Wednesday-Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 13
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 1,255

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