Skip to main content
Go to accessibility notice


    1866 Shield Five Cent Struck in Nickel
    Judd-531, PR65+
    Dual-Motto Illogical Dies

    1866 5C Five Cents, Judd-531, Pollock-586, R.8, PR65+ PCGS. Ex: Simpson. The regular Shield nickel obverse die is mated to a reverse with a large 5 and CENTS in a curved line, inside a wreath comprising many laurel leaves. IN GOD WE TRUST is at the top rim of both obverse and reverse. Struck in nickel with a plain edge.

    The dies for this pattern and several others, 11 dies used to produce 43 pattern "mules" in all, are the subject of some controversy: Were they used inside or outside the Mint for striking? Did these patterns or "mules" get produced and then slip out the Mint back door, as so many other mid-19th century concoctions did under a succession of Mint directors? Or were these dies to produce "fantasy coins" or "private strikings" by (perhaps) Joseph Mickley and/or Sylvester Crosby (in whose collection many of the coins ended up)? Many of the suspect patterns in question are various Washington and Shield patterns and mules thereof, but the present pattern also constitutes one of the items. The relevant Judd numbers include 516 through 531 inclusive and a few others.

    Numismatic author and medals/tokens expert George Fuld published a 1998 article in The Numismatist titled "A Group of Restruck Patterns" in which he argues that the coins or "mules" were indeed ex-Mint creations. The article, including much more information and photos, is reprinted on However, Saul Teichman does disagree with Fuld's conclusions regarding the dies of the present pattern, rightly pointing out that the "fabric" of the coin is different from most of the other creations (which, in our opinion as well, are far less credible as Mint products). This coin shows clear evidence of a proof strike -- which most of the others do not -- and although the die pairing is illogical, there is no sketchy off-size or off-metal planchet.

    From the perspective of 150+ years after the creation of this coin, the issue is largely much ado about nothing and, if anything, only adds to the cachet of this extremely rare and attractively made issue. This PR65+ piece is the only example certified at PCGS, and NGC reports one PR65 example which we believe to be a different coin (9/20).

    Coin Index Numbers: (NGC ID# 29LH, PCGS# 60728)

    Learn more at the Newman Numismatic Portal at Washington University in St. Louis.

    Auction Info

    Proxy Bidding Ends
    19th Thursday 5:50 pm CT
    Auction Dates
    19th-22nd Thursday-Sunday
    Proxy Bidding Time Remaining
    23 Days 15h 49m 16s
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 0
    Lot Tracking Activity: 6
    Page Views: 65

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    20% of the successful bid (minimum $19) per lot.

    This lot is in: 1 - Signature® Floor Session (Live Floor, Live Phone, Mail, Fax, Internet, and Heritage Live):
    (Lots 3001-3279) - 6:00 PM Central Time, Thursday, November 19, 2020.
    (Proxy bidding ends ten minutes prior to the session start time. Live Proxy bidding on Heritage Live starts 24 hours before the live session begins and continues through the session.)

    Show All Session Information

    Show Auction Type Info

    Exhibition Viewing Times, Title Page, Floor Session and License Information

    Additional Location Info:
    Heritage Auctions
    2801 W. Airport Freeway
    Dallas, TX 75261

    Current Bid:
    Bid Protection
    w/ Buyer's Premium (BP) : $19.00 Minimum Next Bid: $1 ($20.00 w/ BP)
    Track Item