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    1879 Goloid Metric Dollar, Judd-1626, PR64
    Distributed With 1879 Flowing Hair Stellas

    1879 $1 Goloid Metric Dollar, Judd-1626, Pollock-1822, R.4, PR64 NGC.
    The obverse design by William Barber was first employed on Judd-1563, an 1878 pattern goloid metric dollar. The head of Liberty faces left, with a broad band in her hair showing an incused LIBERTY, and stalks of wheat and cotton are behind. The stars are arranged seven left, six right, with date below and E PLURIBUS UNUM above. On the reverse a circle of 38 stars encloses 15.3--G. / 236.7--S. / 28--C. / 14 GRAMS. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and 100 CENTS encircle the rim, while GOLOID METRIC DOLLAR is in an inner upper arc, and DEO EST GLORIA in an inner lower arc. Andrew Pollock III notes that "this reverse is one of only a few dies in the U.S. pattern series to express the denomination in two different ways." Purportedly struck in goloid composition with a reeded edge, although notes that "it is unknown if any of these have undergone metallurgical testing."

    Although the Judd-1626 through -1630 issues are called "goloid metric dollars" in the Judd pattern reference, as are the Judd-1617 through -1621 issues, a little elementary math deduces that the proposed (or "purported" is perhaps a better word) alloys are far apart. The silver:gold:copper percentages touted on the Judd-1617 and similar pieces are 89.58%, 0.42%, and 10% respectively, while those percentages for the Judd-1626 series are 84.54%, 5.46%, and 10%. Both are "goloid" in the (loose) sense that they are an admixture of gold and silver, with 10% copper alloy, and both are "metric" in the sense Tom DeLorey defines it (under our Judd-1619 description), with an even weight in grams--but in the former series, the idea of equal values of gold and silver has been abandoned, while here the silver:gold ratio is 15.48:1, not far from the prevailing world standard for much of the 19th century.

    Three-piece sets containing this "metric goloid" dollar, the Judd-1617 (an alternate goloid metric silver dollar design), and the Judd-1635 (1879 Flowing Hair stella) were sold, first to Congressmen for $6.10, then to collectors for $15. The Harry W. Bass, Jr. Museum Sylloge notes that "pieces were restruck in 1880 in usual silver alloy," implying they were first struck in goloid.

    We believe the jury is still out on that point. We recently contacted pattern expert Saul Teichman of (and the research associate credited in the ninth edition of Dr. Judd's reference), asking him if he had knowledge that any of the pieces in the three-piece sets (Judd-1617 [18], Judd-1626 [27], and Judd-1635) patterns were ever struck in anything other than traditional coinage alloys. His response was short and to the point: "I am unaware of anyone having tested any of the goloid silver pieces or stellas or quintuple stellas to determine if any were actually struck in goloid. I do not know how the grading services are making their determination."

    Physical Description.
    The silvery surfaces (one supposes that "goloidy" is not quite so evocative) are tinged with gold patina on each side, more abundant near the rims. A few light hairlines appear in the fields, but fail to detract from the eye appeal of this sharply struck near-Gem. Since these pattern pieces were actually distributed along with the 1879 Flowing Hair stellas, they and their Judd-1617 counterparts are among the more commonly encountered goloid metric dollar patterns. NGC Census: 7 in PR64, 12 finer. PCGS Population: 10 PR64, 8 finer (12/08).

    Ex: Bowers and Merena (3/1989), lot 41.
    From The Lemus Collection, Queller Family Collection Part Two.

    Coin Index Numbers: (NGC ID# 2AHE, PCGS# 62004)

    View all of [The Lemus Collection, Queller Family Collection Part Two ]

    View Certification Details from NGC

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    January, 2009
    7th-11th Wednesday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 9
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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