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    Description

    1916 Pattern Standing Liberty Quarter, PR65
    Judd-1989, Pollock-2050
    Ex: McAdoo Estate, Hayes Collection

    1916 25C Standing Liberty Quarter, Judd-1989, Pollock-2050, R.8, PR65 NGC. Ex: Simpson. There is a long standing school of thought among many students of the Standing Liberty quarter that the 1916 patterns are more a part of the quarter series itself than the broader pattern lineage. The story of the design competition between Hermon MacNeil, Adolph Weinman, and Albin Polasek in early 1916, and then the evolution of MacNeil's quarter designs throughout the ensuing months, are so intertwined with the history of this series that they are arguably inseparable. Thus, the pattern quarters of 1916, depicting distinct stages in the progression of the working models for the new coin in June (Judd-1988) and October (Judd-1989), are not merely rare installments in the pattern paradigm, they are the Holy Grails of Standing Liberty quarters. Among them, the present Judd-1989 coin is by far the most famous.

    This piece first appeared at public auction in Stack's October 1985 offering of the Jimmy Hayes Collection. The cataloger wrote in part:

    "1916 Pattern Liberty Standing Quarter. Judd 1795. Proof, more of the Roman Finish nature than the Matte. Judd mistakenly took this to be the regular dies before the 'M' (Hermon MacNeil) was added to the obverse.

    "The obverse was originally designed with two extra leaves around the L of LIBERTY, virtually obscuring that letter. Since Judd used photos of coins in the Smithsonian he did not notice that the leaves had been removed carefully and that the toning hid the removal perfectly."

    "We quote from a letter dated October 22, 1916 addressed to A.M. Joyce, Superintended of the U.S. Mint from the Director of the Mint which was unearthed by J.H. Cline:

    "I am returning to you herewith two of the four sample quarters you sent me, one being blank on one side with the reverse design on the other, the other being your No. 4 as submitted in your letter of October 20th.

    "'With one slight alteration, the design as it appears on coin No. 4 is acceptable. The slight alteration referred to is the elimination of the two leaves in the angle of the letter 'L' in the word 'Liberty.' You will notice that I have scratched these two leaves off the coin I am returning to you. With this slight change you may go ahead and make up the dies for the finished coin. I have kept No. 2 and No. 3 which you can charge to me.'


    "There is a strong possibility, in fact more than likely, that this is the very coin referred to in the Director's letter to Superintendent Joyce."



    Superintendent Adam Joyce had sent Mint Director F.H. von Engelken four different trial strikes of Hermon MacNeil's quarter design:

    1) A uniface silver die trial of the most recent reverse design
    2) A pattern from MacNeil's original models (either one of the June patterns or a new striking of the same design -- Judd-1988)
    3) A finished pattern embodying the recent alterations requested by the Director (Judd-1989), with the luster "taken off for the purpose of ready comparison with the sample coin first submitted"
    4) A second finished pattern of the newest design variation (Judd-1989) but with its luster intact "as will be the natural product of the press"



    At the time of the this coin's appearance in the Hayes sale, it was believed to be the only surviving example of the Judd-1989 pattern. The #3 coin referenced in the Mint Director's letter to Joyce was thought lost or destroyed until June 2018, when a second example of the Judd-1989 pattern was discovered, by this cataloger. The newly discovered piece is from the same dies as the Hayes coin and is believed to be the long lost #3 pattern from von Engelken's letter. While Judd-1989 is no longer uniquely represented by the Hayes specimen, the Hayes coin remains unique in the existence of the scratch marks that it shows at the olive branch, which are recognized by both the numismatic community and NGC as the remnants of von Engelken's attempt to remove two olive leaves in October 1916. There are arguably no other single coins or patterns in 20th century numismatics with so distinctive a connection to a specific Mint Director, official correspondence letters, and numismatic lore.

    Much of the original brilliance remains in the luster, but about 40-50% of each side shows mottled, deep golden, olive, and russet toning that is scattered about in a seemingly random manner. The balance of the coin has a champagne tinge. The only identifying marks on either side are the above mentioned leaves that were scratched off by Mint Director von Engelken. For the advanced Standing Liberty quarter collector, this specific Judd-1989 pattern will be the single most important acquisition of a lifetime.

    Roster of 1916 Standing Liberty Quarter Patterns

    Judd-1988
    1.) AU50 PCGS. Waldo C. Newcomer; King Farouk (Sotheby's, 2-3/1954), in lot 2018; Abe Kosoff Estate (Bowers and Merena, 11/1985), lot 1131; Jay Cline Collection (Superior, 10/1990), lot 3561; private treaty via Heritage Auctions (2002); Philadelphia ANA (Stack's Bowers, 8/2012), lot 11364, which realized $193,875.
    2.) Smithsonian Institution, inventory #1985.0551.0758.
    3.) Smithsonian Institution, inventory #1895.0551.0759.
    (A Judd-1988 pattern is believed to have been kept by Mint Director F.H. von Engelken, 10/1916.)

    Judd-1989
    1.) PR65 NGC. Possibly William McAdoo; memo'ed by Lester Merkin to a part-time dealer in Michigan for $5,000 in the early 1970s; dealer offered the coin to Jay Cline at that time, Cline declined; sold to Jimmy Hayes; Jimmy Hayes Collection (Stack's, 10/1985), lot 48, to Jay Cline at $20,900; Jay Cline Collection (Superior, 10/1990), lot 3560; FUN Signature (Heritage, 1/2004), lot 2066, which realized $312,000; a southern collection; Simpson. The cover coin of Standing Liberty Quarters, third edition, by J.H. Cline. The present coin.
    2.) PR61 NGC.
    Possibly Mint Director F.H. von Engelken (10/1916); unknown intermediaries; a private New Jersey collector; ANA Signature (Heritage, 8/2018), lot 5104.

    Coin Index Numbers: (PCGS# 62285)


    View all of [The Bob R. Simpson Collection, Part VI ]

    View Certification Details from NGC

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    August, 2021
    18th-22nd Wednesday-Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 15
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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