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    K-4 1851 Humbert Fifty, 887 Thous., 50 Rev., MS60
    Lettered Edge With AUGUSTUS Inverted
    Possibly Unique Subvariety

    1851 $50 LE Humbert Fifty Dollar, 887 Thous. 50 Rev.--AUGUSTUS Inverted--MS60 NGC. Lettered Edge, K-4, High R.5, although possibly unique as another undocumented Lettered Edge error/subvariety. The Lettered Edge Humbert pieces are among the most alluring and historic of a long line of Territorial gold pieces, as they are the first and largest of the "regular issue" California gold coins, and they stand at the beginning of a saga of considerable progress in the production of those heavy, soft ingots that characterized this period of the U.S. Assay Office coinage. Augustus Humbert is known to have brought the "modular dies" with DC on the obverse to San Francisco with him, arriving in January 1851. In essence, the earliest U.S. Assay Office octagonal pieces were glorified ingots, shaped like coins but capable of being hand-stamped with an odd value in dollars and cents should the need arise. As Bowers' A California Gold Rush History puts it, "In this way ingots of $50, $100, $200, or any other desired denomination could be produced, differing from each other only by size, weight, and fineness, but incorporating the same design stamp. The reverse is of a geometric 'engine turned' design similar to that used on a watch case, and reflects Augustus Humbert's skill as a maker of such cases--one of the occupations he had followed in New York City." In practice, however, only the fifty dollar ingots were issued, as far as is now known.
    Bowers details the 13-14 steps required to produce these first Lettered Edge fifties, here condensed:

    --1. The obverse and reverse were stamped from a pair of dies.
    --2-4. The fineness was hand-stamped on the obverse from three separate numeral punches.
    --5. The value 50 was stamped on the obverse, from a single punch.
    --6-13. In eight separate operations, each of the octagonal edges was stamped with a logotype punch.
    --(14.) The value 50 was hand-stamped on the reverse (of some pieces).

    With so many individual hand operations, it is unsurprising that there were occasional errors. What is surprising, however, it that so few errors are known, a fact that is likely a function of the overall rarity today of these large and heavy coins. Heritage is fortunate to have two different error Lettered Edge examples in the present sale from the same consignor, both of them likely unique examples, although other pieces are known that show similar inversions on some words or groups of words.
    In the case of the present example the word AUGUSTUS is inverted, while all of the other words are in normal orientation (i.e. reading upside-down with relation to the obverse, and right-side up in relation to the reverse). Like the K-4 example in this sale with ASSAYER inverted, this appears to be a similarly undocumented piece in the literature. Even disregarding the error, the combination of superlative Mint State condition and the rarity of the entire variety combine to make this a special and memorable coin. The surfaces are an appealing light tan-gold color with a couple of areas of deeper amber-gold and orange-gold. Despite a few ticks and scrapes that apparently are responsible for the assigned MS60 grade, this piece is basically free of any major distractions, and its status as an error only adds to its already enormous allure. Listed on page 353 of the 2008 Guide Book.
    From The Pacific Rim Collection.

    Coin Index Numbers: (NGC ID# ANH5, PCGS# 10208)

    Learn more at the Newman Numismatic Portal at Washington University in St. Louis.

    View all of [The Pacific Rim Collection ]

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    August, 2007
    8th-10th Wednesday-Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 19
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 1,906

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